House Democrats passed a voting bill late Tuesday that sought to amend parts of the Voting Rights Act of 1965 in an effort to boost federal control over elections in the United States.
NS John L. Lewis Voting Rights Advancement Act 2021, also known as HR4, passed the lower house of Congress strictly along party lines by a vote of 219-212, with none in favor of the Republican measure.
the solution was before Passed by the House in 2019, but died after being referred to the Senate Judiciary Committee. Democrats reintroduced the bill on August 17 this year, named after the late Georgia Representative John Lewis, who died in July 2020.
HR4 sponsor Rep. Terry Sewell (D-Ala.) said on August 17 that “the old battle is new again,” that the right to vote is “urgently in need of federal oversight”, and that Democrats “stand up”. and fighting back. “
Its passage was praised by President Joe Biden, who said it would protect a “sacred right” and called on the Senate to “send this important bill to my desk.”
Sen. Lisa Murkowski (R-Alaska) is the only Republican in the upper house to have so far expressed support for the motion. Democrats in a 50-50 split Senate need at least 10 Republicans to help push the law.
Among several provisions, HR4 will restore certain aspects of the Voting Rights Act (VRA) of 1965, which were struck down in two separate Supreme Court decisions in 2013 and 2021.
The first Supreme Court decision in 1965 relates to the VRA’s requirement that nine southern states and parts of six other states need to obtain approval from the Justice Department before changing their voting laws or procedures. In 2013, the Supreme Court ruled shelby vs holder The formula used to determine which jurisdictions were subject to this requirement was outdated and unconstitutional.
HR4 proposes an updated formula for determining which states will require DOJ pre-approval before voting laws can be changed.
The second Supreme Court ruling came in July this year in Branovich v. DNC (PDF), in which Arizona’s right to ban ballot-harvesting and out-of-bounds voting was upheld in a 6–3 vote. Court ruled that Arizona’s measures did not violate VRA. section 2 of, which prohibits “voting practices or procedures that discriminate on the basis of race, colour,” or membership of a language minority group.
HR4 contains language that seeks to strengthen Section 2 of the VRA, so that the DOJ can consider a list of highly subjective factors to justify the cancellation of state or local election law or procedure.
One such factor is “members of minority groups bear the effects of discrimination in areas such as education, employment and health, which hinder their ability to participate effectively in the political process.”
Other provisions of HR4 reflect some of the key provisions of HR1 – also known as the For the People Act – such as expanding mail-in voting, legalizing vote harvesting, providing federal tax dollars for congressional campaigns. and impose restrictions on voter identification requirements.
Senate Republicans blocked HR1 via a filibuster in June.
Ted Cruz (R-Texas) later blocked HR1’s version of the upper chamber on August 11 after Sen. Chuck Schumer (D.N.Y.) tried to pass the measure through unanimous consent, whose This meant that it could pass without being recorded, except by a senator’s objection.
Mark Tapscott and The Associated Press contributed to this report.
This News Originally From – The Epoch Times