Overconsumption of food and alcohol, fatigue, drastic climate changes, travel and even crowds can take a toll on health. Added to this is the respiratory infection which has been rampant in recent weeks.
To reduce the impact of symptoms, it is common to seek a drug that is believed to help. The point is that the remedy can be worse than the disease. That’s why many experts emphasize what not to do, even though it may seem very common.
On the one hand, antibiotics are being misused. To mention, the list of the most common are amoxicillin, azithromycin, cefaclor, doxycycline, sulfamethoxazole or gentamicin. There could be many more names. The fact is that they are used to attack viruses, when they are designed to attack bacteria.
“These are one of the most commonly used drugs when there are respiratory symptoms. However, most respiratory infections do not require these medicines.Since most have a viral origin, antibiotics have no effect on these viruses,” explained Dr. Lina Porras Santana.
Epidemiologist Carlos Alvarez agrees with him, explaining the historical association with the habit of self-medication. “People were dying of many infections. It was a major cause of death in the 19th century… leading to the realization that these were miracle drugs and did no harm”indicated.
He cautioned that just as people avoid taking medicine for other illnesses because they haven’t been diagnosed, they should apply the same principle to antibiotics. “It’s like using a whaling harpoon to catch a hummingbird. They’re totally different things.” Alvarez explained.
In this sense, warned pulmonologist Jenny Jurado in an interview with Caracol TV “The indiscriminate use of antibiotics, which it generates, is a greater resistance of germs to the infections we have to deal with. So if we use antibiotics indiscriminately, what will happen is that on the day we actually need them, it will be even more difficult for our bodies to respond adequately to them.
Another concern with self-medication is that which involves corticosteroids.
“We may be predisposing the patient to presenting more respiratory infections from this inappropriate or indiscriminate use of corticosteroids. To this we add that using repeated cycles of oral corticosteroids without proper medical prescription will also contribute to the fact that in children, or adults, effects on blood pressure, changes in bone metabolism and compromised renal function There can be associated side effects,” Jurado said.
At this point it is worth remembering Corticosteroids work to reduce inflammation, but at the same time they affect the immune system. In addition, the Medline Plus portal states that they are used in the treatment of arthritis, asthma, autoimmune diseases such as lupus and multiple sclerosis, skin conditions such as eczema and skin rashes, and some types of cancer.
On the list of the most common are prednisone, dexamethasone, triamcinolone, betamethasone or beclomethasone. These are very effective medicines.
Pulmonologists also pointed out that the well-known “marriage” of drugs can be harmful.
“It has been a bad practice which has been inculcated for many years and at this time of celebration, it is supposed to try to give rapid relief to people with common symptoms. It is not right, we cannot combine medicines, they can be more harmful than effective,” he said.
Now, with regard to drugs against common conditions such as cough, doctors point out that “they are generally not recommended, because they seem to somehow inhibit such an important reflex mechanism as when we present a flu.” If there are, then man has to defend himself. Cough-like process.
Finally, it is taken into account that in the case of common viruses the only anti-flu recommended will be those that are available free of charge, but also have contraindications.