In Chile, cardiovascular diseases are one of the leading causes of death in the entire country. According to figures from the Ministry of Health (Minsal), 34 of every 100,000 Chileans died of acute myocardial infarction, while 31 died of other hypertensive diseases. According to data from the World Health Organization (WHO), ischemic heart disease accounted for 16% of the total of 55.4 million deaths in 2019, becoming the main cause of death in the world.
Going into detail, ischemic heart disease is a disease caused by the arteries responsible for supplying blood to the heart muscle, which in some cases prevents the heart from receiving the necessary amount of blood. It is a process that begins in the first years of life, but it is also a condition that can be prevented if the risk factors are known and controlled – which can be smoking, diabetes, hypertension, obesity and a inactive lifestyle. others.
There are different types of this disease, such as:
Acute myocardial infarction: occurs when a coronary artery becomes blocked due to the formation of a blood clot.
Stable angina: manifests itself as recurring pain, tightness, tension or burning in the chest.
Unstable angina pectoris: its symptoms are similar to those of a heart attack. However, in this pathology, there is no evidence of total obstruction of the coronary artery due to a thrombus.
The numbers mentioned above, along with the progress of diagnoses, bring to the table the importance of making an accurate diagnosis, increasing the delivery of appropriate therapy and information at the right time. Identifying any type of cardiovascular disease in time plays an important role in improving the life expectancy of patients.