Friday, January 27, 2023

Lithium: an essential mineral for energy autonomy and clean energy

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executive committee approved last april of the republic initiative sent by President andres manuel lopez obrador To improve mining law to be lithium Inheritance While recognizing the majority of legislators in the nation that the mineral is essential To ensure energy autonomy and transition to clean energy.

there are many in the national Deposit of lithium but currently they are in Investigation So far by two private companies Mexico does not produce this mineral commercially, hence Congress agreed to establish that Mexican Geological Service Will help to locate areas where there are potential lithium reserves and now this product will be used Management why Marketing In college by a decentralized agency. This state company will be responsible for acquiring and developing technology for better exploitation and utilization of this metal.

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It may be worth remembering that lithium is the element lighter from the periodic table just after hydrogen And this helioand is minerals Lighter. Batteries made from this material are those that charge fast, store energy efficiently and do not have a large volume.

Lithium has been exploited and commercialized for many years, but the importance of this mineral has skyrocketed in the last decade, because Production of electronic equipment so Indispensable This material, 3 g in every cell phone, 30 g in laptop, 7 kg in hybrid car, 25 to 50 kg in electric car and wind power plants half a ton of this product.

lithium is an element moderately abundant On the globe, the most famous deposits of this mineral are those found in salt shaker of Atacama Desertin the so-called lithium triangle, between Argentina, Bolivia why Chile, where the product is extracted by the pumped brine evaporation method. The concentration of the metal is very low, around 100 to 2,700 parts per million (ppm), and the extraction process takes 18 to 24 months, but has the advantage of low production costs. Comparatively less what makes them profitable,

in the deposits of Australiaextracted from hard rock mines, where the mineral spodumene is obtained, yielding 2,300 to 18,000 ppm of the metal, 10 times more that in the mines South America,

Lithium mines in Mexico are located in the north of the country zacatecas Deposits of continental brines similar to those found in South Americain Sonora are deposits of clay sediments that have very low metal concentrations of 200 to 6,000 parts per million, its extraction process is Very high financially speaking.

in Baja California Deposits of geothermal brines contain precious metal deposits that would be difficult to imagine exploiting because they have very low metal concentrations of 50 to 400 ppm.

Lithium reserves in the world (2020) Government of Mexico (special)

The experience of extracting lithium in Mexico is being carried out by the Canadian company Zacatecas Organimax Nutrient Corporation which obtained the rights to exploit and export four polygons of lithium deposits fresnillo, The exclusivity on the part of the Canadian corporate was made possible by the fact that it bought the concession, which was named after a Mexican company. litiomax,

looking for canadian company 151 wells and certified samples of 20 million tonnes, each containing at least 880 grams Lithiumbut it is still in the stage prospecting,

British Company in Sonora Baccanora Lithium exploring deposits that are in the northern state and tied up with Chinese corporate Ganfeng LithiumWhich one is that largest producer of that metal in the world. According to study of foreign companies, Sonoran mines have 8.8 million tons of lithium carbonate and as of this year 17,500 tons will start production, within 3 years it will be 35,000 tons.

Lithium is a metal that has reached a price Very high In the world market, in March last year the price of the mineral reached 69 thousand dollars for ton,

President Andrés Manuel López Obrador said in a morning conference a few days ago that the concessions that two private companies have to exploit lithium in the country they haven’t finished loss Procedures before the Secretary of the Economy and the Secretary of the Environment, for what reason they would not be able to Blow That mineral and the state company will be the only one that can extract and commercialize the strategic mineral.

Mexico has lithium reserves abundantBut a technology has not been developed in the country to exploit the metal and in some cases the deposits are in the national territory. impracticalsince they have low concentration The extraction and extraction of ore is very expensive.

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Lithium reserves in Mexico Government of Mexico (special)

The Mexican State Company that is in charge of the exploitation of lithium will have to lot of work for the extraction of minerals and to obtain financing plans so that this business is profitable and can help Economic Development country’s energy independence and Infection One clean energy,

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