The year 2023 will start with new changes in mobility. Due to the approval of the Climate Change and Energy Transition Act, Cities with more than 50,000 residents are required to set up low emissions zones (LEZ) to improve air quality. The measure will affect around 150 Spanish municipalities and should come into force before the end of next year.
Furthermore, the rules also indicate that it may apply to municipalities with more than 20,000 inhabitants that exceed the limit values of pollutants regulated in the Royal Decree on Air Quality.
Low Emission Zones are demarcated areas within the cities where they are enforced. A series of restrictions on access to circulation Some sort of vehicle to try to reduce greenhouse gases. These areas are identified by a direct signal Before entering the section where approved environmental labels are also listed.
The plan is included in the objective that the government has to achieve a fleet of vehicles without direct carbon dioxide emissions before 2050. Spain is still far behind in its electrification plan. Of the target of 3 million electric or plug-in hybrid cars set for 2030, we only have about 20,000,
This is how traffic has developed in Madrid and Barcelona: from daily traffic jams to the rejection of the car
In addition, even those from Europe are increasingly limiting space for combustion vehicles. The latest example is the ban on sale of diesel and petrol cars from 2035.
Although city councils have the final word on whether to adapt to the norm, The executive has issued mandatory guidelines, The ultimate goal is to establish sustainable and emission-free transport in cities by 2050.
Which cities does this rule affect from 2023?
Low-emission zones have been implemented over the years in large cities such as Madrid and Barcelona. However, with the coming into force of the new rules, all provincial capitalsThey have to implement it, except for Soria and Teruel.
This is because, as the regulation indicates, “municipalities with more than 50,000 inhabitants and island territories shall adopt sustainable urban mobility plans before 2023 that introduce mitigation measures that reduce mobility-generated emissions.”
The regulation is in line with the National Integrated Energy and Climate Plan 2021-2030, which indicates that “from 2023 it is expected that the delineation of limited access low emissions zones will be generalized to all cities with more than 50,000 inhabitants”. and polluting vehicles”.
That is why there are already cities that are already preparing for the entry of this new rule.
This is the case of Valladolid, which has already introduced the regulatory ordinance of its ZBE, which will have an area of 3.1 square kilometers. This regulation will affect 17% of the cars in the city that do not have an environmental label. This will come into effect next year, although your government does not intend to give approval until December 31, 2023.
Another area that has also taken action on the matter is Talavera de la Reina. Its town hall has announced that it is going to implement a ZBE in its old town, which will affect the 35% of vehicles in this Toledo city that are over 20 years old.
These are the cars that won’t be driving in the middle of cities in 2023
According to the data available for the sector, of the approximately 12 million cars operating on the roads of Spain’s cities, 4 million will not reach these areas because they do not have environmental labels. This would mean immobilization of 32% vehicles.
Environmental labels are provided by the DGT. These stickers classify cars into categories depending on whether they pollute more or less. These labels are what determine which cars can enter the ZBE and which cannot.
There are 4 environmental hallmarks: 0, ECO, B and C.
- zero emission label: This blue sticker is what the DGT gives to battery electric cars, extended-range electric cars and plug-in hybrid electric cars that have a range of at least 40 km. These vehicles spread the least pollution.
- eco label: This badge is green and blue. This label is intended for hybrid and electric vehicles with a plug-in battery with a range of less than 40 km. Cars running on natural gas or liquefied gas also come here.
- label c: It is green and given to gasoline vehicles registered since 2006 and diesel vehicles since September 2015.
- label b: It is blue in color and is intended for gasoline cars registered since January 1, 2001, and for diesel cars since 2006.
All gasoline cars made before 2001 and diesel cars made before 2006 are not labeled at all, as they are considered highly polluting.
Only ECO and zero emission vehicles are exempted from any prohibition. Most vehicles with these labels will be able to enter the new LEZ, but cars with badges B and C will not be able to park. Passing a car without any of these labels is strictly prohibited.
If a camera detects a car entering a low-emission zone from the last 3 groups — B, C and no label — will be fined 200 Euros, as this is a serious violation according to the reform of the traffic law. It is therefore advised to be environmentally labelled, know the permitted access times or park in car parks within the demarcated area.