Lula won and became the first politician in the entire history of Brazil to win three presidential elections. After the victory, he assured that his government’s priority would be to end hunger, combat Amazon deforestation, and restore foreign relations. However, Bolsonarism remains strong at the regional level and with a National Congress to be led by Bolsonaro’s Liberal Party (PL).
Former President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva won Brazil’s presidential election on Sunday by a narrow margin of two million votes over ruling Jair Bolsonaro, who is silent without even admitting his defeat.
Lula got 50.9% of the vote and Bolsonaro 49.1%, a much narrower margin than the polls predicted and it left Brazil on edge for three hours, a worrying recalculation to be resolved in the closest election in the country’s history. .
The 77-year-old progressive leader will return to power on January 1, 2023, to begin a third term after being in power between 2003 and 2010, which makes him the first politician to win three presidential elections. Brazil.
Lula raises her hand
In his first statement to the nation after confirming his victory, Lula built bridges and promised to rule and “restore peace” to “everyone” in Brazil, with extreme authority as never before. Embodied by Bolsonaro as a result of four years of government by..
“I am here to rule this country in a very difficult situation, but with the help of the people, we are going to find a way so that the country can live democratically again,” the Workers’ Party (PT) leader said. From a hotel in downtown Sao Paulo.
Supported by his fellow campaigners, including his inseparable wife Rosangela “Janja” Silva, he affirmed that “it is time to reunite families and rebuild bonds of friendship broken by the criminal spread of hatred,” after four years of Bolsonarism. during.
With approval for women and minorities, Lula assured that his government’s priority would be to end hunger, combat deforestation in the Amazon that had skyrocketed under Bolsonaro’s management, and restore foreign relations. Brazil must overcome the isolation it has experienced in recent years. ,
Lula’s victory was officially announced by the Superior Electoral Court (TSE) chief Alexandre de Moraes, who considered him “the elected president”.
It also received strong institutional recognition from the Chamber of Deputies, Arthur Lira and the heads of the Senate, Rodrigo Pacheco, and the magistrates of the Supreme Court.
Other important figures of Bolsonaroism also recognized Lula’s victory, including Senator Damares Alves and Evangelical pastor Silas Malafia, who is part of the core of his close allies.
But both the head of state and his son remained silent, neither summoning Lula nor publicly admitting defeat. The lights of the Alvorada Palace, where the counting of votes were going on, were switched off just two hours after the results were announced.
From abroad, Lula was immediately greeted by the governments of the United States, France, Spain, Portugal, the European Union, as well as the vast majority of Latin American leaders.
Peaceful elections, but with a setback
Election day passed peacefully with no incidents or problems at the time of voting, but with a setback due to barriers set up by the federal police, with electoral justice not following the order.
The checkpoints forced hundreds of buses to stop, in which voters were on their way to their native municipalities to cast their votes.
Lula’s Workers’ Party (PT) even demanded that the director of the Federal Highway Police, Sylvanie Vasque, be arrested, as a large part of the checkpoints, the Progressive leader’s stronghold, had been set up in the north-east of the country. .
But the impact of these campaigns was downplayed after the head of electoral justice, de Moraes, called the police director, insisting that all voters reached their destinations and managed to vote despite the delay.
The counting of votes was heart-wrenching as the polling stations closed.
Bolsonaro took the lead in the first part of the investigation, as the southern states, where authority is strong, usually counted increasingly for logistical reasons.
The overtaking took place with just over 67% of the vote, when several cities exploded with joy.
Rockets began to sound in So Paulo and filled Paulista Avenue, with crowds of people shouting “Olay, Ole, Ola, Lula, Lula” but who also insulted the Army Reserve Captain.
Deputy Eduardo Bolsonaro, who was following live recounts on the Internet, disconnected when the tables were turned.
Bolsonarism gets stronger
Despite Lula’s victory in the presidential elections, Bolsonarism strengthened regionally this Sunday as candidates backed by the far-right leader won four of the twelve states that were at stake this Sunday.
Among them, So Paulo, the most populous (46 million inhabitants), is Brazil’s industrial and prosperous region, which will be governed by Tarcisio Gomes de Freitas, a former infrastructure minister in the Bolsonaro government.
In total, 13 of Brazil’s 27 states will be governed by politicians backed by Bolsonaro.
Lula would also have to deal with a National Congress dominated by right-wing and centre-right parties, with the main force being Bolsonaro’s Liberal Party (PL).