Wednesday, September 28, 2022

Map of monkeypox in the world –

In Spain, as of July 29, there have been a total of 4,298 confirmed cases of monkeypox and the first confirmed death from the disease, according to data from the National Epidemiological Surveillance Network (RENAVE).

In the rest of Europe, total Out of 10,059 confirmed cases Apart from Spain, Germany (2,540), the United Kingdom (2,367), France (1,837), the Netherlands (878) and Portugal (633) form the MPX with the most affected countries. Most young people with a history of relationships in risky sexual contexts are men.

Reported cases in Spain come from 17 autonomous communities:Madrid 1,656, Catalonia 1,406 (1,256 cases are included in the SiViES notification platform), Andalusia 498, Comunidad Valenciana 213, Canarias 102, Pais Vasco 98, Baleares 89, Aragon 45, Galicia 37, Asturias 36, Castilla y Leon 31, Castilla-La Mancha 23, Extremadura 20 , Murcia 19 and Cantabria 15, Navarra 8 and La Rioja 2.

Reasons for the rise in cases in Europe OMS To start work on guidelines for the safety of health workers. In Spain, the Ministry of Health has also published a protocol in which it requests the isolation and use of masks by the sick to prevent the spread.

Endemic to Central and West Africa

According to the World Health Organization, the virus monkeypox es Endemic in 12 countries: Benin, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Gabon, Ghana (recognized only in animals), Ivory Coast, Liberia, Nigeria, Republic of the Congo, Sierra Leone and South Sudan.

just now four of them -Cameroon, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo and Nigeria- Recently there has been an outbreak (end of 2021 to May 2022). It can be misleading to compare its “reported” cases with current European figures from the WHO, as many of the suspects there have never been laboratory confirmed.

“Countries are currently reporting cases of West African ancestry of the virus [el que se ha identificado en Europa] Son Cameroon and Nigeria“Specifies the WHO, in contrast to the lineage (or clade) of the Congo Basin, which causes more severe disease”.

The first European case was confirmed on 7 May in a man who had returned from Nigeria to England. However, most of the confirmed cases so far no longer related to travel to the African continent And the origin of the outbreak is unknown.

Largest outbreak seen in Europe

“it is Largest and most widespread outbreak of monkeypox never seen in Europe”, health officials in Germany recalled after confirming the first case of the disease.

The first cases identified in Europe (the United Kingdom, Portugal or Spain, for example) occurred mainly between men having sex with men, However, the characteristics of a specific outbreak should not lead us to assume that it is simply a sexually transmitted disease or that it affects only the LGTBI community.

Transmission of monkeypox to other population groups ‘cannot be excluded’, relied on the health ministry to coordinate health alerts and emergencies, warned a report by the Center for Coordination, which reports that health services are conducting an “active search” for cases. The WHO has also pointed out that virus cases are being sequenced to see if they are related.

There is no fear of a pandemic like COVID-19

The disease first identified in monkeys, does not spread easily between people, So experts say The risk to the population is low and an extension like the COVID-19 pandemic is not expected.

To get infected, you need Close contact with infectious material. it could be on touching skin woundsSimilar to chickenpox, which appears in infected people, but also through “respiratory droplets in prolonged face-to-face contact” or through contaminated objects.

Currently, there is no specific vaccine for monkeypox, but data suggests that Vaccines used to eradicate smallpox are up to 85% effective According to the World Health Organization (WHO), against monkeypox.

The Ministry of Health has announced that vaccines and antivirals against monkeypox will arrive in Spain soon after a joint purchase with the European Union.

Nation World News Desk
Nation World News Desk
Nation World News is the fastest emerging news website covering all the latest news, world’s top stories, science news entertainment sports cricket’s latest discoveries, new technology gadgets, politics news, and more.
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