Sunday, February 5, 2023

Martin Luther King Jr. Day: Who Was the Civil Rights Leader and How Is the Holiday Celebrated?

Every year, on Martin Luther King Jr. Day, Americans celebrate the life of America’s most famous spokesman and leader of the Civil Rights Movement.

The movement started by Martin Luther King put pressure on the US government to end legalized segregation in the United States.

Who Was Martin Luther King Jr. and Why Is He Important?

Born in 1929, Martin Luther King Jr. was a Baptist minister known for using tactics of nonviolence and civil disobedience to combat racial inequality.

King led the Montgomery bus boycott in 1955 after Rosa Parks was arrested for refusing to give up her seat to a white man.

Martin Luther King: Life in Pictures

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He also helped organize the March on Washington in 1963, where he delivered the “I Have a Dream” speech for which he is best known.

In 1964, he received the Nobel Peace Prize for his civil rights work.

Towards the end of his life, he expanded his campaigning to include opposition to poverty and the Vietnam War.

Mr. King was assassinated by James Earl Ray on April 4, 1968, in Memphis, Tennessee, while planning a national occupation of Washington DC.

News of his death was followed by riots in several cities across the United States.

Who and since when remembers the memory of Martin Luther King?

Martin Luther King Jr. Day is a paid federal holiday in the United States, meaning that public officials and many school students have the day off.

The day is celebrated every year on the third Monday of January, the day closest to his birthday being 15 January. This year it is on Monday 21 January.

In 1968, Congress received a petition signed by over three million people demanding a celebration of Mr. King’s birthday.

Atlanta, Georgia: Martin Luther King Jr.’s dream comes true 50 years later

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However, Republicans initially opposed the move, arguing that King had ties to communism and an “improper” sexual past that they felt the government should not honor.

But in 1983, United States President Ronald Reagan implemented Martin Luther King Jr. Day as an official holiday, and it was celebrated for the first time three years later.

Outside the US, it is celebrated in Hiroshima, Japan, with a special banquet at the mayor’s office, and in Toronto, Canada, which is officially recognized as Martin Luther King Jr. Day, although a paid holiday. not as as.

How is Martin Luther King Jr. Day celebrated?

Many Americans use the day as an opportunity to learn about the life and achievements of Mr. King.

Others volunteer to spend the day for a cause they feel the king would have supported.

In pictures: Martin Luther King Jr’s campaign for civil rights

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Many states hold special events or conferences on race relations in the United States. Street parades in Harlem, New York, and Los Angeles are a historic walking tour. The story will go on.

Google is marking the day with one of its famous doodles by guest artist Dr. Fahamu Peku.

Nation World News Desk
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