Hawaii’s Mauna Loa volcano spews lava fountains 200 feet high And rivers of molten rock have arisen, US geologists reported on Tuesday. Three fissures have opened at the world’s largest active volcano, which erupted on Sunday night for the first time in nearly 40 years.
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Huge clouds of steam and smoke rose from the volcano, which occupied half of the large island of the archipelago.
“The highest sources reach between 30 and 60 metres, but many are only a few meters high,” the United States Geological Survey (USGS) said on Monday. “A gas cloud is visible from the sources and lava flows from erupting fissures, and it is being pushed mainly to the northwest.”
Geologists say that there is currently no threat to people and property in the area under the eruption. “The lava flows from the two highest fissures continued down the slope but stopped about 10 kilometers from the saddle road (the main road at the foot of the northern side of the mountain).”
Lava coming out at a distance of about 3 thousand meters from the third crack was also far away from the road. But officials have warned that Mauna Loa is a dynamic volcano, and they have reported a fourth crack in the past few hours. “Additional cracks may open in the northeast fault zone, and lava flows may continue to flow downward.”
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Mauna Loa has built up pressure over the years, according to the United States Geological Survey (USGS), which reported that the eruption was visible about 72 kilometers from Kona, a town on the west coast of the archipelago’s main island.
Although there is no threat to the population from the lava yet, experts have warned Winds can carry volcanic gas, fine ash and basalt glass fibers downwind Known as Pele’s hair.
These threads, measuring up to two metres, form when lava particles cool rapidly in the air. He was named after Pele, the goddess of volcanoes in Hawaii. They can be very sharp and present a potential eye and skin injury hazard.
Officials in Hawaii have not issued evacuation orders, despite the fact that the summit area and several highways were closed in the area. Two shelters were opened as a precaution.
Mauna Loa is the largest volcano on Earth by volume, Its name means ‘Big Mountain’ and it covers half of the Big Island and is larger than the rest of the Hawaiian Islands combined.
According to the USGS, the volcano’s submarine flank extends several kilometers to the ocean floor, which in turn is buried by the larger mass of Mauna Loa, making its summit about 17 kilometers above its base.
According to the USGS, Mauna Loa, one of six active volcanoes in the Hawaiian Islands, has erupted 33 times since 1843. The most recent eruption, in 1984, lasted 22 days and produced lava flows that reached four miles from Hilo, currently home to about 44,000 people.
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Kilauea, a volcano located on the southeast side of Mauna Loa, erupted almost continuously between 1983 and 2019. There has been a small eruption there for months.