Wednesday, December 07, 2022

Meat consumption in China is insatiable

Food production requires the use of half the planet’s fertile land, demands 110 million tons of fertilizer nitrogen per year and consumes more than 70% of the world’s available fresh water, while total carbon dioxide (Co2) is one-fourth of it. Emissions according to “Nature 2021”.

under the circumstances, China, the world’s largest food market, has achieved self-sufficiency for its 1.44 billion population, which represent 22% of the world population; And for this it has only 9% of the fertile land of the global system; And it must do so by going through a process of urbanization, which already comprises 60% of the population, which will exceed 70% in 2030.

It is therefore expected that the demand for dairy products will double in 2050, while the consumption of meat (pigs and poultry) will increase by more than 30% over that period, while Soybean and grain consumption will increase two-fold,

It is also expected that the production of grain for animal feed will increase well above the average for other resources, which will also lead to an increase in imports.

This means that today an average of 100 million tonnes of soybeans have been purchased overseas over the past 10 years, and this has increased. 150 million tonnes in the next decade,

With a boom in the production and import of grain for animal feed, China aims to satisfy the consumption of a livestock population of over 700 million head pigs and a poultry population of over 2,000 million units.

extraordinary climbing stage The demand for food in the People’s Republic of at least 2030. will last tillThe latter settle on a plateau that tends to decline due to the stagnation of its population, which has already begun the process of significant reduction of a strictly demographic origin.

This implies that China’s food demand will claim an additional 25 million hectares of agricultural land over the rest of the decade, with fertilizer nitrogen consumption increasing by 17%; And this would require the expansion of irrigation to at least 25 million hectares in the fertile lands of the People’s Republic, with the inevitable consequence that this At least 104 million additional tons of carbon dioxide (CO2).

All of these events clearly have worldwide significance, and mean Extraordinary additional pressure on the planet’s resources Considered as a whole it will reach its peak and most critical point in 2030.

So the growth in food imports over the next 8 years will inevitably be concentrated in 3 products, which are soybeans, beef and dairy products, which will mean that additional pressure on the planet will be concentrated on its main suppliers, the whole of Brazil and China. America; And in the specific case of the former, it would require an additional 63 million hectares to be included in agricultural production.

The ecological question, therefore, turned into a systematic search A rigid economy of the planet’s resources This becomes a vital necessity not only for the People’s Republic, but for the whole world. This becomes an important issue for the environmental security of the planet, which inevitably requires the cooperation of the two main superpowers, which are the United States. and sugar.

Interest in the systematic discovery of plant-based proteins in China has arisen from the need shown by these conjectures.

Thus, in the “Agriculture Plan for the 2011/2025 Period” of the People’s Republic, a specific and priority chapter has been included for “vegetable-based meats” and dairy products that react to the same origin.

The reason for this need is that China has proved insatiable in its consumption of meat, And so, for example, meat protein consumption was 57 million tonnes in 2018 and will exceed 70 million tonnes in 2025.

This means that meat consumption in the People’s Republic will double in 2050 and reach 31% of global consumption at that time.

The obsession with plant-based proteins is a direct child of the most extreme need.

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