In the Colombian medical panorama, a marked shortage of specialist doctors, Despite the growing demand for specialized care in the country, less than 25% of doctors achieve medical-surgical expertise, raising questions about the reasons behind this situation. Fortunately, there are programs like the one proposed future residents This helps doctors increase their chances of getting admitted and guides them to dedicate themselves to lovingly practicing what they are passionate about.
But what is the reason for the shortage of specialist doctors in the country? These are some reasons:
1. Entrance Examination into Medical Specialties: One of the Biggest Challenges
One of the main challenges faced by doctors wishing to specialize in Colombia is rigorous selection process To reach medical residency (this is called the medical-surgical specialization process). Many applicants fail to pass these highly competitive entrance examinations, significantly limiting the number of physicians who can pursue their specialty training.
2. Very low offer of places for medical specialties in Colombia
Because to train during residency, doctors need the care process to be supervised by specialists, the ability of university hospitals to offer the availability of places is limited, this means that in relation to the needs of specialist doctors Supply is minimal.
3. Multiple University Admission Processes vs. a Single National Process
In Colombia, the universities offering medical-surgical postgraduate courses are autonomous and determine the number of places and the method of their admission process, unlike other countries where there is only a single national process, such as MIR in Spain, ENARM Mexico, or ENAM in Peru; And each of them offers more places than the sum of all the places offered by universities in Colombia. Here a duality is presented, because, although there are more places in other countries, in Colombia there are more opportunities to move towards medical specialization, since there are several procedures during the year compared to a single national procedure.
4. Dropout during the training process: obstacles in the way
Those who manage to enter specialization programs often face a second important challenge: Dropout during the training process Which in many cases is due to the fact that doctors lack the vocation for the specialization they are studying, many of them only learn about the specialization due to external factors such as family pressure or pressure from their social circle. Let’s think.
5. Age as a limitation: a real barrier or a misconception?
Some doctors believe they already have “Old” And they will not be admitted to medical specializations, although it is true that, in countries such as Argentina, age is a determining factor to access medical-surgical postgraduate studies, in the Colombian case it is in most cases a myth. No university in Colombia can prevent a doctor from accessing residency by considering age as a rejectable factor, although during the later stages of the examination a profile that is not sufficiently specific may be rejected regardless of age. Could.
6. Barriers to admission processes: beyond academic knowledge
Many doctors succeed in overcoming this entrance examinations But there are also universities that have more robust processes, including psychometric test, Interview and evaluation of resume Which has become a hindrance for many applicants. The lack of guidance on how to deal with these processes, coupled with intense competition, can keep highly skilled professionals off the path to specialization.