Thursday, January 26, 2023

Mexico: Electoral Reforms Fall; Congress debates new text

MEXICO CITY ( Associated Press) – The Mexican Congress on Tuesday night rejected the government’s constitutional reform proposal to change electoral laws But it was preparing just after opening debate on another initiative with which the government wishes to achieve part of its objectives without touching the Magna Carta, including reducing the electoral body’s resources.

With the reform of the constitution, President Andrés Manuel López Obrador sought, among other things, to abolish the electoral authorities of the states, replacing the current National Electoral Institute (INE) with another intermediary, whose members were elected by the citizens. And used to reduce the budget. of parties

His main argument was that the current model is too expensive for Mexico, a criticism shared by many. However, large sectors of society criticized the desire to abolish the INE.One of the autonomous organizations enjoying the greatest prestige.

The motion received a majority of 269 votes in favor but was rejected by 225 opposition members, falling short of the two-thirds required to reform the constitution. One abstained.

The session ended with jubilant slogans from the opposition of “INE does not touch”.

Faced with this declared failure, The president has already warned he will present a “Plan B” that will try to protect what could be done with minor legislation, which can only be approved by a vote of Murray’s delegates and their allies. .

According to a version of the proposal that circulated among deputies and was accessed by The Associated Press, among other elements, the initiative diverts financial and human resources from the INE, limits the action of district election bodies and allocates time. and reduce the budget. To prepare for the election.

The full session of the Chamber was due to begin its debate on Tuesday night, so the session could last until Wednesday morning, but shortly before it was to begin, the official text of the initiative had still not been published in the Parliamentary Gazette, which Site Internet where the final version of the text to be analyzed is uploaded.

This second initiative reached the Congress on Tuesday and as soon as it was registered, the opposition condemned that Morena was taking advantage of his majority to speed up the process.

The Chamber’s plenary planned to begin its debates that same Tuesday night, so that the session could last until Wednesday morning.

Opposition deputy Santiago Creel, chairman of the chamber’s board of directors, denounced that the way the new proposal was presented, without any dialogue, through emergency and without lawmakers being able to analyze it, “have undemocratic forms ( of the Act) even if they are legal.

Creel declared that if the President wanted to “enter the electoral issue through the back door” by proposing changes that would go against the Magna Carta, the opposition would vote against it.

Mexican elections are among the most expensive in the world and Mexico’s electoral legal framework is very clearly regulated in the constitution. For this reason, various academics specializing in the subject had advanced that the only way to make the changes the government wanted was to modify the INE’s organic structure and cut its budget.

Even if it was approved, no one is denying that Plan B could end up in court, not even Adán Augusto López, the head of the interior. who was in charge of presenting the initiative in Congress. “People from the conservative bloc have a right to go to the Supreme Court in matters like this,” he said.

Mexico has been dogged by allegations of fraud for decades but the results of the last election in 2018, which brought López Obrador to power with a landslide majority, were accepted by all claimants.

Nation World News Desk
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