Mexico recovered a fragment of the Tlaquiltenango Codex from Spain

Mexico recovered a fragment of the Tlaquiltenango Codex from Spain

With the intention of strengthening the relationship between Mexico and Spain the authorities of our country received some archaeological pieces and a fragment of Tlaquiltenango Codex (Morelos).

The federal Ministry of Culture reports that this action highlights the shared commitment to the preservation of cultural heritage, after the person in charge of providing this document to the Mexican authorities is Judge Juan Carlos Peinado Garcia.

The Ambassador Quirino Ordaz Coppel He received this document, as well as three archaeological pieces from Nayarit, which were verified by experts from the National Institute of Anthropology and History (INAH) to confirm its authenticity.

The Tlaquiltenango Codex went up for auction in 2017 for 100 thousand euros. Photo:

The fact that Spain gave Mexico the fragment of the Tlaquiltenango Codex is the result of an effort that began in 2017, when this document was offered at an auction at the Casa Abalarte in Madrid.

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The Mexican authorities condemned the sale at the time and, thanks to the intervention of the Central Operational Unit of the Spanish Civil Guard, the lot was removed from the operation and handed over to the Court of Instruction 41.

After several processes, it was agreed to return it to the Mexican embassy in Spain on November 20, 2023, a date that finally came as a symbol of victory against the illegal trafficking of goods from our country.

The Tlaquiltenango codex, which was illegally taken from Mexico and brought to Spain, is offered for 100 thousand euros, because it is a document of great importance because it dates back to the 16th century, so the state of Its conservation shows a severe loss of support. .

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In the document you can see various compositional elements arranged in streets or vertical sections, such as Spanish coins from the 16th century and the figurative heads of indigenous people, corresponding to individual tributaries, with explanatory glosses to their names.

One of the reasons why this document is so important is that in Morelos there are only two other codices: that of Moctezuma and that of the Marquesado del Valle, which also contain information about the taxes that had to be paid by the native to authority, civil and religious.