Sunday, February 5, 2023

Mexico: the court supports the permanence of the army in the streets

MEXICO CITY ( Associated Press) – The Mexican Supreme Court of Justice on Tuesday endorsed an agreement by President Andres Manuel López Obrador on the use of the military in public security work until 2024, amid questions from humanitarian organizations that maintain that the policy violates It is in the constitution and represents the militarization of the country.

With this decision, López Obrador gave a significant boost to the security policy implemented during his six years in office.which is based on the use of the military to confront criminal organizations, despite the fact that, according to analysts, it has not been effective in curbing violence in Mexico.

The Congress, controlled by the ruling party, last month extended the army’s stay on the roads till 2028., through a constitutional reform, amid criticism from opponents and humanitarian organizations, who announced they would take legal action against the reform. With the support given by the Supreme Court, it is quite possible that these demands may not prosper.

Eight of the eleven ministers of the Supreme Court on Tuesday endorsed the May 2020 presidential agreement, alleging that “it does not violate the principle of separation of powers”, as presented that year by the President of the Chamber of Legal Affairs. It was said in the dispute. representative at the time, Laura Rojas.

The Supreme Court said in a statement that “the involvement of the armed forces in public security functions is not a unilateral decision of the President of the Republic, but derives directly from the Constitution.”

Defending his vote, Minister President of the Supreme Court, Arturo Zaldivar, confirmed that militarization was not being discussed, but whether the executive was complying with the legal path established by the constituents, in the 2019 constitutional reform, Ended up with the involvement of the armed forces in tasks of public security to give by.

The Miguel Agustín Pro Juárez Human Rights Center (Centro Prodh) regretted the Supreme Court’s decision and said in a message on its Twitter account that “an opportunity was lost for the judiciary to act as a counterweight to the militarization in the country”. was. ,

During the 17 years that the Mexican Armed Forces have carried out public security functions, they have been involved in numerous cases of human rights violations.That has prompted various United Nations agencies and humanitarian organizations to urge the Mexican government to return the troops to barracks.

López Obrador, who before coming to power had defended that the military should go back to the barracks, changed his position in recent months, alleging that the armed forces needed to continue to perform public security functions so that criminal organizations could not be killed. Can be dealt with which has hit for different. region of Mexico.

During his tenure, which began in 2018, the ruler has entrusted the armed forces with various projects related to their military work, such as building a new airport and a tourist train.

Nation World News Desk
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