Saturday, April 1, 2023

Ministry of Health provides comprehensive care to leprosy patients

Baja California is not an endemic state for the disease, however, as from 2017 to 2021, 22 cases were reported and in 2022, none for this reason.

Mexicali. The Ministry of Health of Baja California, within the framework of the World Day of the Fight against Leprosy, which is celebrated on the last Sunday of January, informs that the health sector has professional and appropriate treatments to treat this condition.

The head of the agency, J.J. Adrian Medina Amarillas explained that leprosy is a chronic infectious disease, caused by Mycobacterium leprae, that primarily affects the skin and peripheral nerves, characterized by white, red, coppery spots or plaques, nodules and widespread appears as a spread. intrusion; Lesions are present in various numbers and sizes, and are associated with areas of loss of sensation, hair loss, and sweating.

He reported that the most frequent location is on the face, trunk, and extremities; The mode of transmission is through the air, through microdroplets of secretions, which are expelled by the patient when speaking, coughing or sneezing, and infect a healthy subject by breathing them.

Medina Amarillas noted that close and prolonged coexistence with a patient is required to acquire the infection, which is why people who live in the same household are the group most at risk of contagion. are exposed to more and develop the disease at one point in their lives.

They indicated that Baja California is not an endemic state for the disease, however, since from 2017 to 2021, 22 cases were reported and in 2022, none for this reason; It should be noted that, although the incidence is low, the institution warrants comprehensive care for cases that arise, as the institution is the recipient of the migrant population.

Presently, two leprosy patients are undergoing treatment with favorable evolution and seven are completing their one year post-treatment surveillance for cure cure.

In conclusion, Medina Amarillas said that preventive and promotional actions are carried out in the agency through informative conversations to the community about the common features of this disease, its diagnosis and treatment, in order to reduce stigma and promote awareness. Messages are detected on time.

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