Ministry of Health (sometimes) warned of floods and huaicos which were written in different countries for the time rain increases the risk of contracting zoonotic diseases, including leptospirosis.
This is associated with bacterial disease rains, floods and social risk factors, such as living in flood-prone areas or near rivers, poor living conditions, insufficient sanitation, and poor conditions. Likewise, for the consumption of unsafe water and the breeding of malformed animals (pigs) in unsanitary conditions.
According to the National Center for Disease Epidemiology, Prevention and Control (CDC), until the epidemiological week 12 of this year (as of March 27), there were reports of 3,428: cases of leptospirosis; This figure represents, for the same epidemiological week, 3.1 times the number of cases compared to 2022 and 6.7 times the number of cases in 2021.
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In countries, departments Loreto, Madre de Dios, Ayacucho, Piura, San Martin and TumbesAccount for 89.8% of cases, while the other 10 departments provided an increase in national cases.
Recommending health care before the rainy season
Minsa makes available to the community a series of recommendations for health care and extreme prevention measures to avoid contracting leptospirosis
1. Avoid exposed potentially contaminated water sources.
2. Avoid swimming and barefoot in swamps, which could be contaminated with urine from infected animals.
3. Wear gloves and boots when in contact with water or contaminated objects.
4. Strengthened cleanliness in the house: eliminate mice from houses and surroundings, cover holes in houses through which these animals can enter.
5. Protect stored water sources with secure covers to prevent contamination by rodents.
6. Store food in dry and cool places, inside jars and containers with lids more than 50 cm from the ground.
7. Monitor periodically to ensure that the food is free of rodent droppings.
VIII. The waste is stored in closed containers and transported from the ground to the destination.
VIII. Drain the marsh and low ground to prevent standing water.
10. Take your pet to the vet to have it spayed or treated for leptospirosis, as it can be contagious, sick and transmitted to people at home.
11. Wash your hands after handling your pet or any object that has pet droppings on it.
XII. Avoid informal raising of domestic animals such as pigs, and go to a veterinarian to raise them in better health conditions.
There is no clinical picture that is characteristic of leptospirosis, its symptoms can be confused with others such as malaria, influenza, dengue, or other hemorrhagic viral diseases.. They cause a mild disease that can be life-threatening.
Therefore, if someone has symptoms such as fever, chills, headache, muscle pain in the calf and back, general weakness, it is important to go to a health facility because the treatment is more effective when it is done as soon as possible.