By Luis Miguel Ramírez Ensenada, Baja California, September 18. – Of the total number of crimes reported by the population of Baja California in 2022, 87.8 percent were not reported and/or no investigative file was opened, according to the black figure from the National Institute of Statistics and Geography (Inegi). As part of the 2023 National Survey of Victimization and Perception of Public Security (Envipe), the public body announced that 18.5 percent of crimes were officially reported, while in 2021 it was 13.7 percent. He pointed out that the Ministry of State or the Public Prosecutor’s Office opened an investigation file in 66 percent of cases last year, compared to 64.4 percent in 2021. Specifically, in 2022, 81.4 percent of crimes were not reported, and 0 .1 percent did not provide any information about their status or condition.
At national level, an estimated 10.9% of crime reports were made and 69.3% were investigated. The black number is calculated from the ratio of unreported crimes plus those reported without an investigation file and unspecified crimes to the total number of crimes per hundred, the institute explained. Reasons for non-reporting On the other hand, it was estimated that in 2022 in this company, loss of time (37.8%) and distrust of the authorities (10.7%) were among the reasons for not reporting crimes to the authorities; Both are causes attributable to authority. The causes attributable to the authority accounted for 58.3 percent; other reasons: 40.9%; and unspecified, 0.8%. Nationally, it is estimated that the main reason for victims not reporting was loss of time, at 31.5%. Causes of authority include fear of blackmail, loss of time, long and difficult procedures, mistrust and a hostile attitude. Other reasons, fear of the attacker, a minor crime, there was no evidence and other reasons.
Other national figures Of the total number of investigation files initiated by the State Ministry or the public prosecutor’s office, an investigation file was initiated at national level for 69.3% of all crimes. In 46.1 percent of cases, nothing happened or the investigation was not continued. According to the result of the investigation folder, Inegi stated that 46.1% were nothing, 31.4% were in the process, 5.4% recovered their assets, 4.6% the perpetrator was brought to the disposal of a judge, 2.9 % a pardon was granted and 2.6% received a pardon % Repair of the damage was carried out. The result of the investigative files, which led to the recovery of their assets, the availability of the perpetrator to a judge, a pardon or reparation of the damage, accounted for 1.2% of the total crimes. At 46.1%, last year was the third year of the decade (2012-2022) in which investigative folders led to “nothing or no resolution”; the second was in 2015 with 45.9%; and the first was in 2019 with 44.5%. (The guard)