Most of the Immigrants living in the Balearic Islands (52%) feel discriminated against and only 34% of them think that they are treated with consideration by other citizens. However, the desire to return to their countries of origin is very low and falls more on the second generation of immigrants.
These are some of the most surprising data obtained from the latest survey of the Gadeso Foundation, which, if in the previous work it examined the views that citizens born in the Balearic Islands have immigrants, now it changes in his view. And it analyzes the views of these people who came to live on the islands.
In the first approximation, Only 12% of immigrants consider themselves treated well by other citizens of the Balearic Islands and 22% said they felt treated well. The answer of the majority, with 39% of the answers, corresponds to feeling badly treated by the inhabitants born on the islands, while those who consider themselves badly treated, 24%, came second which is the choice of many. .
Initially, those who had a worse perception of the treatment they received in the Balearic Islands were North Africans and sub-Saharans. Latin Americans have an intermediate position. And Eastern Europeans and Chinese have a more positive view of the treatment given to them by the natives of the islands.
Also by nationality, the majority, 37% understood that coexistence mainly depends on equal opportunities, with a more positive evaluation in Eastern Europe and in this case from sub-Saharans. While 34% consider that true coexistence has the same rights and duties as the natives, with a more favorable approach to this position among North Africans, Eastern Europeans and sub-Saharans as well.
The majority of 52% who feel discriminated against think they understand this unfair treatment in public services (48%); among the neighborhoods of their homes (42%); on the road (32%); at work (29%); in political speeches (29%); in social networks (29%); in their relationship with the police (16%) and the media (11%).
The survey by the Gadeso Foundation also discovered that the majority of immigrants living on the islands consider that they have more problems than the natives simply because of their foreign origin, a trend of 78% of the North Africa and sub-Saharans; 68% of Latin Americans; 60% in Eastern Europe and only 43% in Chinese.
Unemployment and job insecurity (68%)THE economics (60%) and the access to housing (60%) are the main problems of immigrant citizens living in the Balearic Islands, according to Gadeso survey.
Other problems they express in their daily interactions are racism and discrimination (37%); the difficulty of accessing public services available to citizens (19%), as well as the generation and dissemination of false stereotypes about their identity (9%), ideas that appear in public opinion and the survey of Gadeso associated with the promotion of far-right politicians in the election.
Thus, some of the concerns of the immigrant population of the Balearic Islands They are linked to a political climate that favors extremist and anti-immigration ideologies.
Gadeso also examines the willingness of immigrants to return to their countries, although in many cases this return is not possible for various reasons: the situation of poverty and conflict in the countries of origin; developed a fruitful professional career in the Balearic Islands; have children or the family remains in the country of origin financial needs.
For this reason, the true desire to return is a minority, 34% of the first generations and 21% of the second.
The main motivation to return which expresses a 36% of the respondents, it is lack of work perspectives on the islands. And the main reason for staying with a 49% of people which follows this rationale, that is The situation in your country is clearly worse..
Based on the results of the survey, the The Fundació Gadeso made a further conclusion. At first consider that The Balearic Islands are not a racist society but at the same time it sends a serious warning against the hateful and xenophobic speeches that are beginning to spread in society, a speech that gives easy answers to the problems of citizens and that sometimes exploits immigrants who there are problems they don’t need to see. they.