Friday, September 17, 2021

Much-needed reforms in defense policy not possible after elections, say experts

Liberals’ ‘strong, safe, engaged’ policy is due for review, update: Defense Research Institute

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A political studies professor says Canada only thinks about reforming its defense policy when a disaster strikes, and that’s basically a non-issue in federal elections. He said that after the elections, despite the shortcomings, the status quo is unlikely to change.

James Ferguson, who is also deputy director of the Center for Defense and Security Studies at the University of Manitoba, told The Epoch Times that the Liberals’ long-term “strong, secure, engaged” (SSE) defense policy introduced in 2017 was outdated. From the moment it was issued.

“The rise of China and the resurgence of Russia are the two primary threats to North Americans,” he said. “The world had changed.”

Ferguson says the SSE also lacks details of North American defense modernization, which is considered a costly undertaking that must be tackled soon.

The Conference of the Defense Association Institute (CDAI), a registered charitable body conducting research and education on defense and security policy, takes a similar view that SSE is due for review and update.

“There is a lack of comprehensive analysis of national security and foreign policy,” the CDAI said in an election campaign campaign. book of hymns on defense policy.

The institute pointed out that it takes years or decades to build defense capabilities and that future governments will have limited options as per the current policy.

Ferguson said that no re-elected government has gone back to review overall defense policy, and that a newly elected minority government is unlikely to change things much.

In addition, fighting the pandemic and supporting the economy has weakened the government’s financial position, and defense is one of the prime candidates for spending cuts.

No matter which party is elected, “the question becomes to what extent relative to the impact of COVID-19 in the current economic situation … and the problem of debt and deficit … Will start pushing away, just because of the money problem,” Ferguson said.

Cyber ​​crimes

Campaign platforms of political parties combine cybercrime with defense and public security responsibilities as it relates to hacks and foreign interference, even though cyber falls within the domain of public security.

Canada has been the victim of state-backed cyberattacks from Communist China on several occasions. The Fed believes the attacks are aimed at theft of intellectual property and large amounts of personally identifiable information.

Global Affairs, National Defense and Public Security said in a joint statement on July 19 that they believe China’s state security ministry was responsible for the hacking of Microsoft Exchange Server in early March.

Ferguson says cyber is a much bigger threat to the United States than Canada, but suggests that Canada considers how to tackle the problem through better coordination between its various government departments.

“Maybe we need to think about … how to improve the relationship between the different bureaucratic levels, to get out of our silos, to think about what we need to do in cyber security. … they All that matters to me,” he said.

“Chances are it’s not the reality. It’s not going to change,” Ferguson said though.

Canadian communication security establishment (CSE), which as one of the country’s leading security and intelligence organizations focuses on cyber operations, says that Russia, China and Iran are responsible for the majority of foreign state-sponsored cyberattacks against democratic processes around the world. are responsible for.

CSE said in its July 2021, “We strongly assess whether Canadian voters may experience any form of foreign cyber interference (ie, cyber threat activity by foreign actors or online foreign influence) before and during the next federal election.” will face.” Update.

conservative most widespread

Conservatives’ platform, under the leader Erin O’Toole who served 12 years in the military, provides the most detailed strategies to address multiple areas of defense and national security.

Some of the Conservatives’ initiatives include protecting Arctic sovereignty, defending against cyber attacks, modernizing NORAD, and targeting propaganda and foreign interference. Canada is a Pacific nation and the Conservatives will have to take a tough stand against Chinese aggression in the Indo-Pacific.

One of Canada’s national defense challenges has been military procurement—fighter jets, in particular. The Conservatives are the only party to remove barriers to purchase. They aim to streamline the process and “take the politics out of procurement” to expedite the acquisition of essential equipment by the Canadian Armed Forces (CAF), with priority over fighter jets.

The incumbent liberals backed the SSE and reiterated that they would ensure that the military had the necessary resources to deal with a range of threats, including the environment. He did not specifically address the purchase as it pertains to defence. Like the NDP and the Greens, he only discussed the issue in the context of green initiatives in his campaign forum.

The NDP touched on national defense on page 109 of its 115-page forum and preferred a multilateral approach to peacebuilding around the world. The New Democrats added the Indigenous dimension to green factors as a guide to purchase decisions.

NS Canadian People’s Party Does not specifically address national defense and security in its forum. Like other parties, it touches giantsIssues such as recognizing their unique sacrifices, supporting them and providing a fair disability pension.

The Greens want to redeploy the military to prioritize disaster preparedness, while maintaining war preparedness. They seek to engage with a more diverse set of international partners and center defense policy on disarmament.

The Conference of Defense Associations (CDA) and CDAI on 23 August stated that party leaders should be expected to provide a comprehensive position on national defense issues. Statement.

“The Canadian people should be informed of the threats we face as a nation and the commitments we have made to our allies,” the statement said.

Both organizations called on the parties to debate and address issues of defense policy, resources for national defense, Canada-US cooperation on North American regional defense, NORAD modernization, and sexual misconduct within the CAF.

Rahul Vaidyanathi

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Rahul Vaidyanath is a journalist for The Epoch Times in Canada. His areas of expertise include the economy, financial markets, China, and national defense and security. He has worked for Bank of Canada, Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation and investment banks in Toronto, New York and Los Angeles.


This News Originally From – The Epoch Times

Much-needed reforms in defense policy not possible after elections, say experts
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