Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI) the curve continues downward. According to the National Department of Administrative Statistics (Dane), between 2018 and 2022; This indicator fell by 6.2 percentage points, going from 19.1% to 12.9% at the end of last year.
In 2020, due to the pandemic; MPI recorded a peak, standing at 18.1%, after 17.5% recorded in 2019. But from that moment the curve accelerated. According to the most recent report of Danish, The figure for 2022 (12.9%) is 3.1 percentage points lower than for 2021, which was 16.0%.
On the other hand, it was 8.7% (-2.8 central points) in the capitals of the region and 27.3% (-3.8 central points) dispersed in the populated centers and rural areas.
In the capitals of the region, the biggest reductions between 2021 and 2022 were in school absenteeism, with -3.1 percentage points, and without health insurance, with -1.6 pp, the first from 5.0% to 1.9%, the second from 10.6. % to 9.0%. On the other hand, the percentage of families deprived of the indicator ‘low education activity’ increased by 0.3 points, from 32.1% in 2021 to 32.4% in 2022.
Of the 15 indicators that make up this measure, which calculates the living conditions of families and the unfulfilled needs of Colombians, only one registered a small increase and that was “low educational activity”, which remained at 40. 8% in 2021; when in 2022 it reached 40.9%.
(Colombians feel corruption in living conditions).
Others registered statistically significant negative variations, Danus revealed.
The events before our eyes director of Fedesarrollo, Luis Fernando Mejíahighlighted that the two variables with the greatest reduction are “school absence”, due to the return to normality of classes, and “people without health insurance” (which went from 10.1% to 8.4%).
But he himself President Gustavo Peter His number was raised to a historic high.
(24% of small business owners in Latin America live in poverty).
Multidimensional poverty has historically fallen to 12.9% nationally. 8.7% in headers”, the president wrote, having learned the figure.
According to Dani’s figures, it is the informal work list that has the greatest incidence in this list.
By 2022, this index was 72.7%, while in 2021 it was 73.5%. However, although it had a negative variation of 0.8%, it still remains at high levels.
“It notes that, although there is a slight drop in the index in the informal sector compared to 2019, it remains at high levels, standing at 72.7%; and in the municipal capitals it was located at 67.7% and 90.9% in the villages, which call a warning that we must take account if we want to continue the downward trend”, said the Lord. President of the Colombian American Chamber of Commerce, AmCham Colombia, María Claudia Lacouture.
In this regard, Lacouture stated that the presentation of the labor reform project, as scheduled today; it could generate a greater and direct impact on the growth of informality, which would lead to the reduction of poverty in the country.
According to the president of AmCham Colombia, if the labor reform is approved, wages would increase significantly and “the attackers will face serious problems of generating labor in the same dimensions that are happening now, which cause the population to rummage or opt for informal work, transferring it into a more probable fall into poverty, a social gap that is a challenge It was historic for the country.
(Improvement of labor will slow poverty reduction).
From the information from Federarrollo according to the fact that 72% of those who overcome formal work poverty, AmCham requires labor reform to encourage more formal work, which provides the conditions for both companies and workers to formalize.
He also adds that it is necessary to strengthen the basic training; while the precariousness or absence of this is another index that affects the level of poverty and, for a long time, lower socio-economic growth.
By 2022, the highest multidimensional poverty incidence rates will occur in the region Caribbean and Pacific (without Valle del Cauca), the first with 21.4% and the second with 20.7%. In third place is the Central region (11.7%).
On the other hand, the lowest incidence of multidimensional poverty occurs in Bogota to 3.8%, follows Cauca Valley with 9.7% and finally regions Eastern and antioch with an incidence of 10.7%.
(Economic progress in America is slower according to Cepal).
Venezuelan relatives in Colombia
About the Venezuelan population in Colombia, the Danish announced that in 2022 the incidence of multidimensional poverty in families where at least one Venezuelan member is recognized and who resides in the municipality where it was during the year was 42.2%, for the national total it was 12.9%.
Also, the incidence of multidimensional poverty in families where at least one member is recognized as Venezuelan and in the municipality where they live for five years was 33.2%, while for the whole national it was 12.9%.