NASA Highlights 13 landing areas near the Moon’s south pole that will be built in the upcoming Artemis 3 mission.
It is planned that in 2026, NASA will land two male and female astronauts on the surface of the Moon.
Each area is approximately 10 by 10 miles (15 by 15 kilometers) and has several landing sites with a radius of about 328 feet (100 m) each.
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“An area can be thought of as a series of parking lots, while a site is a single parking lot for a lander,” said Jacob Bleacher, NASA’s chief exploration scientist. independentT, Sunday (21/8/2022).
NASA collects data using these fields Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter (LRO), which launched in 2009 and is still orbiting the Moon.
LRO attaches great importance to the Moon’s polar regions and its orbiters, helping NASA figure out where it might land during future lunar missions.
Artemis 3 has a fixed view of the Moon’s south pole, which is an area of special interest because it may contain water ice in the shaded region.
Water on the Moon is thought to be a huge advantage for future space exploration.
The South Pole has regions that are permanently shrouded in darkness and other regions that are constantly bathed in sunlight.
This light-to-dark ratio varies over distances as small as a few miles.
“Finding the location of a larger-than-average amount of light allows us to design systems that use light for energy and thermal control,” said Jacob Bleicher.
“Similarly, the permanent shadow space unique to the poles provides an opportunity for water and other volatiles to become trapped there,” he said.
So while the South Pole has some advantages, NASA also has a number of technical issues when deciding where to land.
“The Apollo landing site was in the middle of the close, and now we’re moving to a completely different place in a different and ancient geologic area,” said Sarah Noble of Artemis Lunar Science.
NASA assembled an extensive team of scientists and engineers to look at more than decades of data to evaluate the reach of the South Pole landing area.