Wednesday, September 28, 2022

NASA will send a telescope on a football-sized balloon to observe the Milky Way Galaxy

NASA will send a telescope on a football-sized balloon to observe the Milky Way Galaxy
NASA plans to use a balloon larger than a football field to send a telescope about 40,000 meters above Antarctica, where it will study a phenomenon that inhibits star formation in some galaxies, effectively killing them. gives.
The upcoming mission is ASTHROS, the Astrophysics Stratospheric Telescope for High Spectral Resolution Observations at Submillimeter-Wavelength.

The 2.5-meter-wide primary mirror will be the main light-collecting source for ASHROS, and the entire instrument will be tied to the largest stratospheric balloon ever built.

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Up in the stratosphere, ASTHROS will observe wavelengths of light that are blocked by Earth’s atmosphere and cannot be seen from the ground. According to NASA, the telescope’s giant mirror will enhance its ability to observe faint light sources and resolve the fine details of those sources. In addition, Earth-based telescopes are dependent on weather conditions and subject to light pollution, ASTHROS will be placed about 1,30,000 feet above Earth, away from all these disturbances.
ASTHROS aims to observe the many star-forming regions in our galaxy where stellar feedback – a process by which clouds of gas and dust are scattered across galaxies – and create high-resolution 3D maps of the gas’s distribution and motion. Is. It will also look at distant galaxies containing millions of stars to see how the reaction plays out on large scales and in different environments.

The mission is set to launch before December 2023 from NASA’s Long Duration Balloon Facility in Antarctica near McMurdo Station.

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According to NASA, balloon missions typically cost less than space missions and take less time to go from initial planning to deployment, and they employ new technologies that could be used in future space missions. . The agency’s Scientific Balloon Program launches 10 to 15 balloon missions each year.

Nation World News Desk
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