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NASA’s Sun-viewing spacecraft captures solar eclipse in space

NASA’s Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) has captured the Moon passing in front of the Sun. Spaceweather.com reported that the SDO recorded a 35-minute partial solar eclipse on Wednesday.

“At the peak of the eclipse, the Moon covered 67 percent of the Sun, and the lunar mountains were backlit by solar fire,” the report said.

The high-resolution images taken by SDO will help scientists better understand the telescope.

The report said the images showed how light propagates around the SDO’s optics and filter support grids. Once these are calibrated, it is possible to correct the SDO data for instrumental effects and make images of the Sun even sharper than before.

Since its launch in 2010, NASA’s SDO has studied how the Sun creates solar activity and drives space weather – dynamic conditions in space that affect the entire solar system, including Earth.

Measurements of the Sun’s SDO – from the interior to the atmosphere, magnetic field and energy output – have contributed greatly to our understanding of the star closest to us.

The spacecraft’s observations begin with the solar dynamo in the Sun’s interior—the churning of the Sun’s interior that creates its own magnetic field and drives space weather. SDO then observes the solar surface to directly measure the magnetic field and solar atmosphere to understand how magnetic energy is attached to the interior and converted into phenomena caused by space weather.

It also measures the Sun’s extreme ultraviolet radiation which is a major driver for the composition and structure of Earth’s upper atmosphere.

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