According to the results of a first-of-its-kind survey conducted by the United States Census Bureau, more than 1.3% of the adult population in the United States was displaced by natural disasters last year, and more than half of the forced relocations were caused by hurricanes. ,
The Household Pulse survey revealed that 3.3 million American adults were displaced by hurricanes, floods, fires, tornadoes and other disasters.
The online survey asked for the first time about displacement due to natural disasters and its results were published on Thursday.
Some states were hit harder than others. In Florida, nearly one million people, or about 1 in 17 adult residents, were displaced in the state affected by the fallout from Hurricanes Ian and Nicole.
More than 409,000 people—or about 1 in 8 residents—were forced to relocate in Louisiana, where 2022 was a relatively quiet hurricane season, even as residents continued to face the devastating effects left by Hurricane Ida last year.
States with the lowest rates of adult population displaced by a disaster are Indiana, Maine, North Dakota, Ohio, and Oklahoma.
More than a third of the 3.3 million displaced adults were away from their homes for less than a week. According to the survey, almost 1 in 6 displaced persons never returned home.
The demographic profile of the displaced is not much different from the general race and ethnicity profile of the US population, but they are poorer. About 22% of displaced adults reported a household income of less than $25,000 per year, compared to 17.4% of the general US population who do.
The Census Bureau sent out invitations to more than one million households to participate in the pilot survey, and by mid-December had received a total of 70,685 responses.