health officer of United Kingdom announced that they have found a new strain of monkeypox, According to the United Kingdom Health Protection Agency (UKHSA), CEPA Recently discovered in person traveling West AfricaWhere did monkeypox originate?
person is stressed genetically different which is spreading all over the world. “Preliminary genomic sequencing by UKHSA indicates that this case was not due to an ongoing outbreak strain in the UK,” UKHSA said in a statement.
Endemic to areas of West Africa, monkeypox has spread rapidly around the world during 2022. According to the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 52,090 cases have been reported worldwide so far, of which 19,465 are in the United States.
This new discovery reveals a third category of monkeypox. Previously, it was known to have two types, Clade I and Clade II, known as the Congo Basin and West African clades, respectively.
Clade II has two substrains, Clade IIa and Clade IIb, with the latter being responsible for the global outbreak of infection in 2022.
from West Africa to the United Kingdom
According to British newspaper WireWhile clade II has a low mortality rate of 1 in 100, clade I is more lethal, with a rate of 1 in 10. Whether this new case is a subclass I or II, or a third clade isolate is unknown.
“Since the individual was infected in West Africa, it is likely a less virulent version of West African clade II, although I do not know for sure,” he said. newsweek Paul Hunter, Professor of Medicine at Norwich Medical School, University of East Anglia.
UKHSA incident director Dr Sofia Maki said in a statement: “We are working to reach out to people who had close contact with the case before the infection was confirmed, to assess them and provide advice as needed. “
“La UKHSA y l NHS [Servicio Nacional de Salud del Reino Unido] There are well established and robust infection control procedures to deal with cases of infectious diseases imported from abroad. And these will be strictly followed, so the risk to the general public is very low.”
Monkeypox is a viral infection that spreads through close skin-to-skin contact as well as skin-to-material contact. This includes, but is not limited to, sexual contact.
Monkeypox and Vaccine
Most of the infections so far have been contracted by men who have sex with men. According to the World Health Organization, symptoms include fever, headache, muscle aches, back pain, fatigue and swollen lymph nodes.
Monkeypox is characterized by a skin rash that occurs about three days after the onset of fever and is usually concentrated on the face and hands.
Monkeypox vaccines have been prioritized for most at-risk communities in the United States, but are not yet sufficient to vaccinate everyone who needs them.
In August, the FDA (United States Food and Drug Administration) issued an emergency use authorization that allows injection of the vaccine intravenously, under the skin, between layers of the skin.
According to Robert Fenton, the White House response coordinator for monkeypox, this method only requires a fifth dose, meaning there would be five times the dose of the vaccine available for use.
A UK man with the new monkeypox strain was admitted to the High Outcome Infectious Diseases (HCID) unit at the Royal Liverpool University Hospital.
“We remind everyone planning to travel to West and Central Africa to be aware of the symptoms of monkeypox,” said Dr. Maki. n
(Published in association with Newsweek. Published in association with Newsweek).