Monday, December 6, 2021

Not real news: A look at what didn’t happen this week

A roundup of some of the week’s most popular but completely untrue stories and visuals. None of these are legitimate, even if they have been shared widely on social media. The Associated Press investigated them. Here are the facts:


Despite false claims, the LA mayor who tested positive for COVID had not received a booster shot

Claim: Los Angeles Mayor Eric Garcetti has received three COVID-19 vaccine doses, but still tested positive for the virus.

Fact: The day Garcetti tested positive for COVID-19 While attending the United Nations Climate Conference in Glasgow, Scotland, social media users started falsely claiming that they had not only received two COVID-19 vaccine doses, but also a third booster dose. Social media posts on Thursday used the false claim as grounds for doubts about the vaccine’s effectiveness. “BREAKING – Triple-waxed Los Angeles Mayor Eric Garcetti tests positive for COVID,” read a widely circulated post on Instagram. “Remember, trust the science.” Another post on Facebook read: “LA Mayor Eric Garcetti tested positive for COVID and he (asterisk) is triple VAXXED. (asterisk) However, Garcetti has been tested positive for COVID-19 The booster shot has not been received, his communications director Alex Comisar said Thursday. Said. If you got the first Pfizer or Moderna shot, US health officials say you’re eligible for a booster If your last dose was at least six months ago and you are 65 years of age or older. Young adults with health problems, or with jobs or living conditions that put them at higher risk of COVID-19, are also eligible. Anyone who has received the Johnson & Johnson shot before is eligible for a booster, as long as they have received the vaccine at least two months before. People who have been fully vaccinated are still strongly protected against hospitalization and death from COVID-19, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. But the agency says public health officials have noticed a decrease in protection against mild and moderate disease over time, especially in some populations. Booster shots can increase protection for people who were vaccinated months ago.

— Associated Press writer Ali Svenson in New York contributed to this report.


No, COVID-19 vaccines do not cause HIV, AIDS or cancer

The claim: Getting a COVID-19 vaccine shot increases your chances of getting AIDS or cancer.

Fact: The claim is false. On October 25, Facebook and Instagram removed a live video published by Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro. Bolsonaro falsely claims in video People in Britain who received two doses of the coronavirus vaccine were developing AIDS faster than expected. A few days later, social media posts repeated the false information. A popular Facebook post falsely claimed, “This sub shot ppl is giving cancer and HIV.” But immunologists, infectious disease experts and cancer researchers contacted by The Associated Press said that COVID-19 vaccines do not cause cancer or make individuals more likely to contract HIV, which is the virus that causes AIDS. Is. “There is no evidence linking vaccines to cancer,” said Dr. Michael Imperial, a professor in the Department of Microbiology and Immunology at the University of Michigan, “and none of the ingredients in the vaccines are cancer-causing.” Mark Schlomchik, chair of the department of immunology at the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, said the idea that any vaccine can cause cancer is wrong. “There is no practical way that a vaccine can cause cancer,” Shlomchik said. “No vaccine that we have ever studied or used to prevent infection has ever been linked to cancer.” The claim that COVID-19 vaccines cause HIV or AIDS is “absolutely and clearly a false statement,” said Dr. Monica Gandhi, associate chief of the Department of HIV, Infectious Diseases and Global Medicine at the University of California San Francisco Medical School. said. “There is nothing in the COVID vaccines that either contains HIV or increases a body’s chance of becoming infected with HIV.” Individuals also cannot contract HIV while receiving the shot. “It is not possible to transmit HIV between people during vaccination,” said Dr. Paul Bolicki, associate professor of medicine in the Division of Infectious Diseases at the Stanford University Department of Medicine. “The vaccines for COVID-19 are not made using any human blood products and a single-use needle is used in each different person receiving the vaccine.” AIDS is the most severe stage of HIV infection, associated with a high viral load and a severely damaged immune system. But in clinical trials testing the safety and efficacy of COVID-19 vaccines, no evidence emerged that people living with HIV were more likely to develop AIDS after receiving the shot. “Many hundreds of thousands of people have participated in trials around the world for vaccines,” Shlomchik said. “Adverse events were reported in both vaccinated participants and non-vaccinated people who were part of the study. There was never a difference between the two groups in having AIDS.” Real-world data also does not show that vaccinated people are getting AIDS more often than unvaccinated people. Gandhi said, “7 billion doses of COVID vaccines have been given.” “And there is no evidence that vaccines increase a person’s chance of getting AIDS.”

— Associated Press writer Terence Fraser in New York contributed to this report.


Posts use old photo to criticize jets flown at climate convention

Claim: Photo shows “400 jets used by #COP26Glasgow attendees to drive to a conference on reducing emissions and fossil fuels.”

Fact: The parked jet was photographed during the 2013 Super Bowl in New Orleans, not the United Nations Climate Summit Known in Scotland as COP26. Some who criticize the fact that some attendees flew to the climate convention in private jets have used an old 2013 photo to make their point. Conservative commentator Dinesh D’Souza wrote in a tweet, “These are the 400 jets used for #COP26 at a conference to reduce emissions and fossil fuels in Glasgow.” Received some 9,000 retweets and 23,000 likes. “Obviously there will be fierce competition here for the hypocrisy prizes.” Reverse image search reveals that the image used in the tweet has been online for several years. image appeared In a 2013 story by Aviation International News, which identified the image as showing hundreds of business jets at New Orleans’ lakefront airport for the Super Bowl that year. New Orleans-based photographer David Spielman, credited with the image, confirmed in a phone interview that he had taken the photo for that outlet. D’Souza later corrected himself on Facebook, where he also shared the claim. “Correction: The picture posted below was the wrong picture,” he said. “The photo below was taken in 2013.” D’Souza did not immediately respond to a request for comment. COP26 bill itself Being a “carbon-neutral convention” and saying that “inevitable carbon emissions from COP26” will be offset – such as by investing in projects that reduce greenhouse gas emissions. The Associated Press asked the communications team for the conference how many private jets carried attendees and whether they were included in the carbon offset plan, but did not receive a response prior to publication. Other attempts to verify the number of private jets used were also unsuccessful.

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— Associated Press writer Angelo Fichera in Philadelphia contributed to this report.


Advertisements raising awareness of stroke in children not related to vaccines

Claim: A bus advertisement related to COVID-19 vaccines to know the warning signs of stroke in children.

Fact: Days after the US Food and Drug Administration approved a small dose of the Pfizer vaccine to be used by children aged 5 to 11, social media users took to Canada to spread misinformation about COVID-19. Shared a picture of a bus advertisement of – 19 Vaccines and Children. The post that circulated online included a picture of the ad that read, “Kids also have strokes, know the signs,” along with a caption that falsely suggested that the government was somehow causing a wave of strokes among children. when they were vaccinated against COVID. -19. However, the advertisement shown on nine buses in Ontario has nothing to do with vaccines. A Canadian charitable foundation, Achieving Beyond Brain Injury, placed advertisements to educate the public about stroke in children during Pediatric Stroke Awareness Month in May. The foundation’s co-founders, Nadine Vermeulen and Rebecca DiMano, started the organization after their sons, aged 10 and 14, suffered strokes. Vermeulen said the bus ads have nothing to do with COVID-19 vaccines. Regarding the claims on social media, he said, “It was heartbreaking that what we are trying to do and spread awareness has been made into something we feel we have to defend ourselves.” Vermeulen said her organization didn’t say strokes were common, they just wanted to make parents aware. “None of us knew that children could have a stroke until our children did it,” Vermeulen told the Associated Press. “There are different signs you can look for that could help save a child’s life.” The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention does not list stroke as a side effect of COVID-19 vaccines. Millions of children aged 12 to 17 years have been vaccinated with Pfizer and there have been no significant reports of stroke. Dr. Kevin J. Downs, assistant professor of pediatrics at the University of Pennsylvania’s Perelman School of Medicine, said of stroke, “none of the mRNA vaccines under investigation for children have been linked to it.” This week, US children ages 5 to 11 began receiving Pfizer’s COVID-19 vaccine for children. Previously, the FDA reviewed data on 3,100 children in that age group who received the vaccine during the trial and found that some experienced mild to moderate side effects, including sore throat, fatigue, and fever. In rare cases, some teens and young adults who have received the Pfizer or Moderna vaccines have reported a side effect of inflammation of the heart, also known as myocarditis.

— Associated Press writer Beatrice Dupuy in New York contributed to this report.


Football match video edited to add anti-Biden chant

Claim: The video shows a crowd chanting “F— Joe Biden” during a football game.

Fact: A video clip from a 2016 football game that was broadcast on TikTok was altered to add audio from a country music concert where viewers chanted a profanity reference to President Joe Biden . On TikTok, users can take sound from one clip and play it over scenes from another. Audio from an Aaron Lewis concert replaced the original sound of the soccer match. In the concert clip, the country singer, the former frontman of metal band Stand, led his audience in an anti-Biden chant. A YouTube video shows Lewis leading a chant that is heard at a concert in Scranton, Pennsylvania on September 25. Footage in the football clip shows MetLife Stadium in East Rutherford, New Jersey, packed with fans, watching Chile and Argentina compete in the Copa America final. on 26 June 2016. At the time, Barack Obama was the president.

— Associated Press writer Arizeta Lajka in New York contributed to this report.


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