MIAMI ( Associated Press) – A high-level mission to the Organization of American States on Thursday recommended a political struggle to ensure governance and preserve democracy in Peru, at a time when tensions between the South American country’s executive branch and facing friction. legislature, with an opposition majority.
The spokesperson of the mission visiting Peru, while presenting a preliminary report to the OAS Permanent Council He expressed that, after 29 meetings with officials, judges, prosecutors, legislators from different political parties and members of civil society, a consensus has been reached on the need to preserve democracy and respect the laws.
It is recommended that a “call for dialogue” be made between the various sectors, including the executive branch and civil society, expressed Eladio Loizaga, former Paraguayan foreign minister and spokesman for the group. The executive branch must promote a democratic dialogue that is “inclusive”, oriented to the well-being of the population, binding and respected by all, that “guarantees credibility and trust,” he said.
After hearing the recommendations, Peruvian Foreign Minister Cesar Landa said in a video connection to his home country that the government was committed to the exercise of democracy and would evaluate the recommendations.
The preliminary report was presented a week after Peruvian Prime Minister Anibal Torres resigned. President Pedro Castillo is forced to form a fifth cabinet after parliament rejected a request for support to revise a law limiting the referendum. A little less than a year into his government.
The OAS High-Level Mission visited Lima between 20 and 23 November to talk with all political actors. He arrived in the country at Castillo’s request, noting that the institutional framework in Peru was under threat.
In the nine-page report, it indicated that “commitment by political actors is essential to advance dialogue and create an atmosphere of peace for the conduct of judicial processes, which must follow their course with legal deadlines.” “
Loizaga, who was part of the special mission, said it also recommended strengthening constitutional justice so that the Constitutional Court Act autonomously and independently with respect for human rights and freedom of expression and media.
The report was presented at the OAS headquarters in Washington with a simultaneous virtual broadcast via the organization’s social networks.
The Secretary General of the OAS, Luis Almagro, for his part, assured that the organization aims to assist Peruvians in defending their democratic institutions and to help them find solutions to their difficulties.
“Really, obviously, there are elements of concern,” Almagro said. And he mentioned “with reference to the fact that Peru has a reserved predicament, that Peruvian democracy is in intensive care, a civil war between public institutions, permanent oppression and confrontation between powers.” They are observations collected by the members of the mission in their interviews.
He also indicated that the ceasefire should be for at least 100 days.
Highlighting some of the most outstanding points of the report, Loizaga said that through the interviews it became clear that Peru has a “highly polarized environment” that “could compromise social peace.”
Similarly, he indicated, the interviewees agreed that there is a permanent oppression and confrontation between the powers; Excessive use of the means of political power, and the fear of armed conflict.