Friday, January 27, 2023

Over the past three decades, the incidence of diabetes among young people and adolescents has increased by 60%.

A recent study published in the journal british medical journal Analyzes the evolution of the incidence of type 2 diabetes in adolescent and youth populations (15–39 years) during the last three decades (1990–2019) in 204 countries of the world, with the lowest probability expected by age. Development of this pathology chronicle.

The results of this study are according to the newspaper countryLeast worrying, as the prevalence of type 2 diabetes in these population groups has increased by 56.4% in just 30 years, from an incidence of 117 cases per 100,000 inhabitants in 1990 to one in 183 in 2019 has gone.

as explained fan wangdepartment professor epidemiology from Faculty of Public Health from Harbin Medical University ,China) and one of the lead authors of the research, “As our findings indicate, early-onset type 2 diabetes is a growing public health problem.”, highlighting that this general trend around the world is particularly visible in developing countries of medium or medium-low socioeconomic status.

This can be explained by the rapid social and economic changes in these countries that have introduced and normalized unhealthy lifestyle habits, explained Wang, who added that “For example, between 1999 and 2006, consumption of sweetened beverages more than doubled among Mexican adolescents aged 12 to 18. beverages, processed meat, and red meat,

As the researchers argue, what is worrying about these data on early-onset type 2 diabetes, in addition to the current scenario, is the future disease burden for health systems as the population ages, so that “The onset of type 2 diabetes is associated with a longer duration of hyperglycemia and more rapid progression of the disease process (including severe insulin resistance and worsening pancreatic beta cell function), leading to poorer glycemic control and an increased risk of complications,

These are complications that have already been observed in studies of disability and mortality associated with early-onset type 2 diabetes in developing countries, and particularly in women under the age of 30.

According to fan wangThe rapid economic growth experienced in recent decades by these countries of medium and medium-low socioeconomic status has brought with it a change in the spectrum of diseases, with disease burden increasingly moving away from showing predominance of communicable, maternal, neonatal It is done. and nutrition, to an increase in non-communicable diseases and injuries. ,In these countries, the level of universal health coverage for non-communicable diseases was much lower than for communicable or neonatal diseases, meaning that changes in health systems were slower than epidemiological changes.”, reflected the expert.

The gender disparity in cardiovascular disease in general and diabetes in particular is worse, with women living with diabetes faring worse in many countries, this study shows.

Nation World News Desk
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