Monday, January 30, 2023

Over three decades, the incidence of type 2 diabetes has increased by approximately 60%.

reference image. People aged 15 to 39 should be less likely to develop type 2 diabetes, which is why they were chosen for the study.

Photo: Getty Images

Diabetes is one of the most frequent diseases in the world population. This was confirmed by research published by british medical journal event of which diabetes type 2 of adolescent and youth populations (15 to 39 years) in 204 countries around the world over the three decades between 1990 and 2019. To the experts’ concern, the results showed a propensity for the disease to grow in the years to come.

The study defines diabetes as a global health problem. By 2021, around 537 million adults between the ages of 20 and 79 were suffering from it worldwide. The forecast for the future is even more grim: This number is expected to climb to 783 million by 2045.

for his part, Type 2 diabetes has traditionally been considered a metabolic disorder, occurring primarily in people of middle age and old age, and although it is rare for adolescents and young adults, It has become quite common among the latter type of people.

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According to the study, nothing else America A 4.8% annual increase in the incidence of type 2 diabetes among young people between the ages of 10 and 19 was reported for the time period covered. 2002–2003 and 2011–2012.

But the problem doesn’t exist only among Americans, since the investigation british medical journal show that, during the 30 years studied, the prevalence of the disease Growth of 56.4%: While there were 117 cases per 100,000 inhabitants in 1990, the rate rose to 183 in 2019.

“As our findings suggest, early-onset type 2 diabetes is a growing public health problem,” he explained to the newspaper. Country of Spain Professor Fan Wang, from the Department of Epidemiology, Faculty of Public Health, Harbin Medical University (China), who was one of the authors of the research.

According to Wang, this growth trend is particularly visible in countries with medium or medium-low socioeconomic development, where, for example, consumption of sugary drinks has doubled. This was the case for Mexico and for teenagers who were 12 to 18 years old between 1999 and 2006.

Other patterns are also fueling the rise in type 2 diabetes. In Wang’s words, “Many countries present increased proportion of co-morbidities due to diets rich in soft drinks, processed meat and red meat”.

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Obesity is one of the major factors

One of the main risk points leading to an increase in the incidence of early-onset type 2 diabetes is overweight and obesity, which is independent of the socioeconomic level of the country.

Other contributing factors to the low were air pollution by environmental particles and smoking in countries with a high socio-demographic index. In countries with a low socio-demographic index, poor diet in fruit and air pollution from solid fuels inside homes also have an effect.

gender, a difference to attract attention

Internationally, women under the age of 30 have higher rates of disability and mortality as well as poor quality of life related to diabetes.

That is why Wang suggests that gender differences should be considered in the formulation of public policies. “Our study suggests that effective prevention and control of type 2 diabetes in women under the age of 30 should be further strengthened, especially in less developed regions,” said the researcher.

Finally, Professor Wang pointed out the importance of setting up interventions in developing countries that have been successful in other areas with higher socioeconomic levels. There are many examples of cigarette taxes and regulation of air quality.

“Countries in a phase of rapid socioeconomic change can learn from these successful initiatives. For less socioeconomically developed countries, measures to improve household conditions and the availability, access and affordability of healthy food are recommended,” Wang concluded.

Nation World News Desk
Nation World News Desk
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