Tuesday, November 29, 2022

Overcrowding in Paradise, a Problem From Kenya to Thailand

access quota Paradisiacal Beaches and Islands hey Wild species travel limits And natural parks are just some of the measures countries are adopting to preserve the natural environment from mass tourism, following images of climbers queuing up to the highest peaks on the planet. “Natural environments, due to their immense ecological value, must be protected against” mass tourism that can degrade themWith regulations that allow citizens to enjoy it, though with a guarantee of protection,” says Pau Monasterio, spokesperson for Ecologists in Action.

south of europe, Spain, a privileged geographical showcase, rich in flora and fauna, with different climates, on peninsulas and islands, with sixteen national parks and many others of regional, European and local nature, with more and more to preserve the natural environment Sanctions are being imposed against mass tourism. some examples are Formentor. peninsula ofAli north of Majorca either Cabrera National Park, The Galician beach of Las Catedrales, a natural monument of sand and rocks carved by the sea, in addition to the Doana Nature Reserve in Andalusia, or the Teide Volcano on the island of Tenerife, are just a few of the many natural enclaves it has. A country with limited public access.

also attractive in europe Italy It has a diversity of protected natural areas; For example, it is forbidden to set foot on the island of Budelli (East) on the Costa Smeralda of Sardinia, but the most emblematic case is Venice (Northeast) and the lagoon in which it is located: the entrance to tourist cruises for a year and, moreover , it will be the first in the world in which, in order to enter its streets, the visitor must make a reservation from 2023.

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Further north, with about 250 million visits a year, United Kingdom It has 15 national parks and 46 areas of outstanding natural beauty, although some mountain peaks, still unrestricted, such as Snowdon (in Wales) and Scafell (England) are very crowded. On the other hand, in the crowded French Natural Park of Calanques de Marseille, access to Cala Sugiton is limited to only 400 people, and the island Corsica It has a quota to visit the Lavezzi Archipelago so that there are no more than 2,000 visitors at a time.

It borders on the other side of the Atlantic Galapagos Tourism (Ecuador), and in some parks in the United States; Similarly, in Brazil, there is a daily visitor limit (675) of access to the Fernando de Noronha archipelago, 375 km from the coast, and an environmental fee and fee for access to the national park and Iguazu Falls, which is the border with Argentina. Officials try to make no more than 3,500 daily visits.

In VenezuelaPublic policies for the protection of protected areas and national parks have sparked a debate against the spread of illegal mining and other activities in ecosystems such as Canaima, a World Heritage Site, following condemnation from non-governmental organizations. Nor are there limits beyond accommodation in the Los Roques archipelago. In AfricaIn order to avoid interfering with the behavior of wild gorillas or transmitting diseases to them, only eight tourists a day can visit a “habit” family, which is wild, though more or less accustomed to human presence; A pressure that is reaching dangerous heights at some points, which reveals the following images.

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This endemic species of mountain range bordering Uganda, Rwanda and the Democratic Republic of the Congo was on the verge of extinction at the end of the last century. In contrast, in the Serengeti National Park, Tanzaniaor Masai Mara National Reserve, in KenyaThe repeated demands of environmentalists for quota of visits have not been successful. In Southeast Asia, as in Thailand, most natural parks charge an entrance fee and limit the number of visitors. In the case of Maya Bay beach, immortalized by Leonardo DiCaprio’s film “The Beach”, on the island of Phi Phi, it has reopened in 2021, albeit with a limited number of tourists.

In Indonesia Authorities have just raised the price of admission to the two islands Komodo National Parkan archipelago where the world’s largest dragon lives, while New Zealand A study is being conducted to reduce visits to the Milford Sound-Peopiotahi Fjord (South Island), a World Heritage Site and one of the world’s most fascinating natural sites. The country is also considering the need to equip camping vehicles with a fixed toilet to reduce the problem of tourist droppings on public land.

In AustraliaIn areas such as Queensland, along with the Great Barrier Reef, a potential new tax on tourism and natural parks is being considered. In Uluru, with the giant red monolith, sacred in Aboriginal culture, is forbidden to climb to its peak after a stability crisis caused by a wave of tourists all kinds of garbageStool too.

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