The condition is the leading cause of blindness, lower limb amputation and chronic kidney disease in people aged 40 to 74 on the continent.
January 17, 2023 | , Reading Time: 5 minutes
Diabetes triples the risk of death from heart disease, kidney disease or cancer. Photo: shutterstock.
According to a new report from the Pan American Health Organization (ops), the number of patients in the region of the Americas diabetes It has tripled in the last three decades.
The main factors responsible for the rise in cases are due to high rates of obesity, poor diet and lack of physical activity among people living in the American continent.
Currently, it is estimated that at least 62 million people live in diabetes However, the figure may be higher on the continent as 40% of people with the disease are not diagnosed.
For this reason, the Pan American Health Organization maintains the current trend that the number of patients in the year 2040 diabetes In the Americas they will reach 109 million.
Faced with this panorama, the organization urged countries to improve early diagnosis, increase access to quality care to control diabetes and develop strategies that promote healthy lifestyles and nutrition.
Obesity, poor diet and little exercise: causes of diabetes
increase in cases of diabetes Related to the increase in risk factors over the past three decades: 2/3 of adults in the US are overweight or obese, and only 60% get enough exercise.
Furthermore, the report also points to an alarming trend among youth in the region, as more than 30% consider themselves to be obese or overweight, almost double the global average.
In this regard, Dr. Anselm Hennis, Director, Department of Non-Communicable Diseases and Mental Health, opsindicated that “these high rates diabetes Highlight the urgent need for countries to focus on prevention and promotion of healthy lifestyles”.
Report shows that only 12 countries in the region have 6 basic technologies needed to manage diabetes In public health centers. These include: kits for measuring blood sugar, tests for early diagnosis of complications, and urine test strips for analysis of glucose and ketones.
“It is critical that everyone, everywhere has access to these basic diagnostic and management tools needed to prevent associated disabilities,” Dr. Hennis continued.
The report also notes that people diabetes Increased risk of serious COVID-19 complications and death highlights importance of integrating with care diabetes In emergency preparedness and response plans.
PAHO calls on countries to address this chronic disease
To reduce the spread of the disease and enable patients with diabetes to lead healthy lives and avoid complications, the report calls on countries to:
improve the ability to make early diagnoses diabetes and prevent its complications, as well as increase the availability and access to quality diabetes care, including essential medications such as insulin, glucose monitoring devices, and self-management support.
Another important point is that the territories develop strategies and policies to promote a healthy lifestyle and nutrition and thus prevent obesity, which is a main risk factor for this condition.
additional data on the effect of diabetes in the american continent
It is the sixth leading cause of mortality in the US and was responsible for more than 284,000 deaths in 2019.
It is the second cause of disability in this area, second only to ischemic heart disease.
It is the leading cause of blindness, lower extremity amputations, and chronic kidney disease in people between the ages of 40 and 74.
diabetes Triples the risk of death from heart disease, kidney disease or cancer.
Source consulted here.