Medical professionals explained how the situation is in the area. The public health laboratory will conduct the test in the central region of the country.
After health officials confirmed the first case of monkeypox in Ibague on August 4, they proceeded to provide peace to the community and health workers who would attend to these cases, according to Martha Palacios, the health secretary, recently. During the days you have been imparting training on the processes to be developed.
Although the official denied that such a situation caused a public health emergency, he assured that the Federico Leras Acosta Hospital had already been established as a reference center in the event of a possible increase in cases.
“We call for peace and tranquility for all tolimence, the infected person responsibly completing his isolation, protocols were provided. The call is for responsibility, for peace, we do not have any kind of public health emergency due to monkeypox in Tolima,” said Tolima’s health secretary.
And he said, “As for the medical and support personnel, let them know that we are prepared as a department and have carried out the case management and care training process for the past two weeks. At Federico Lleras Acosta Hospital we are ready for any emergency We are preparing to become our reference center in India. We have the equipment and qualified staff.”
Facing the confirmed case in the capital, the holder of the portfolio said it has been followed since August 1, the day the same 32-year-old patient contacted a medical center after registering symptoms and would return from Florida, United States 31 July.
As explained by the secretary, the man reported having fever for two or three days, severe pain in the lower back and head, as well as the first vesicles on his body, warning signs that followed with a test. Confirmed was taken to the National Institutes of Health (INS).
Facing new suspicious cases, Portfolio Holder noted that there are no other reports to date, despite the fact that there are users who have associated other deformities with Monkeypox.
Harold Trujillo, a pulmonologist, pointed out that 90% of cases occurring in the country are imported and warned that close contact is a direct form of infection; that is, intercourse, hugging, kissing; However, its infection has decreased compared to the Kovid-19 epidemic.
“Before we talked about Covid-19 the infection rate was from 1 to 7 or 1 to 10 or 1 to 15, i.e. one infected person can infect 10 or 15 people around him, in this case I am not like that. Even R1, i.e. contact is very close, the chances of getting infected from the airway are low, but there have been cases of contamination of droplets, they are not microparticles, they are direct secretions”, he reviewed. Trujillo.
Coming to the mortality rate from monkeypox, the professional noted that of the reported cases around the world, it does not exceed 10%, “Out of 100, 10 may present a mortality rate, as long as they are associated with complications or related diseases.” meet the criteria associated with comorbidities, such as processes of HIV/AIDS or immunosuppression, cancer or diabetes mellitus”, said the infectious disease physician.
Trujillo indicated that about 68 cases are reviewed nationally, 22 of which have already been confirmed in court as of August 4.
He also noted that while it is inevitable that no more cases will be reported, it is conceivable that management may be outpatient in most situations, “We are going to have cases, one community that is most affected.” , LGBTQ+ community, but no one is exempt. If there is no discipline or management of our sexual behavior”, he concluded.
How to identify infection
Following the information provided on Thursday, health officials indicated that suspicions have risen about possible infections in the region; However, in most cases it is related to other types of diseases affecting the skin, which is why only medical workers may or may not generate alerts in the face of symptoms.
Professional Juan Pablo Escobar, pediatrician and infectious disease specialist, explained that the virus has an average incubation period of two weeks, and later symptoms appear in two phases, one consisting of fever, malaise, fatigue, mass at the level of could. neck, and another where skin lesions appear in different parts of the body that can last for about 21 days.
“Not everyone who has a fever or skin lesions that has monkeypox must have an epidemiological criterion to meet the case definition at this time, the criteria defined by the National Institutes of Health,” explained Escobar, who reviewed that The disease can also be associated with dengue, chikungunya, shingles, syphilis and the most common chicken pox.
In short, Jose Fair Alarcón, the coordinator of Tolima’s public health surveillance system, drew attention so that citizens could avoid confusing symptoms with other illnesses. For example, he said, with chickenpox, which causes skin rashes, Tolima has reported about 500 cases to date.
“Every day, two to three people get sick from chickenpox alone in Tolima, it should be clear that it is not just physical injury, although chickenpox is very similar to monkeypox, we can fill services with patients, in service can generate collapse and evidence that does not match in the request”, he reviewed.
And he said, “There are two criteria to complete the whole confirmation process, one is the clinical issue, the other is the epidemiological issue, you have to find out whether the patient has had contact, which has an epidemiological link.” It is said, a contact with sources that can lead to infection.
public health screening test
The Health Secretary also said that the National Institute of Health has authorized the Public Health Laboratory to conduct PCR analysis of samples of this virus. Nationally only six laboratories in Bogota, Valle and Antioquia are capable.
“We are already arming ourselves with supplies, the team has already gone to INS for training, we have sent validation runs and we are waiting for the approval to start. We will be in charge of processing the samples that come from various health institutions that collect them,” he said.
With the authorization of this laboratory, departments such as Risaralda, Quindio, Huila and Caqueta will be supported.