Thursday, February 9, 2023

Perpetual return of the Peruvian crisis

,What if there is no tomorrow? Today is no more!“, stated in a scene of Groundhog Daya film in spain known as caught in time, Bill Murray plays a TV meteorologist. reporting on the annual event of Groundhog Day In Pennsylvania, he is a prisoner of a time loop that repeats the same scenes. Same thing happens to me Peru with your political troubles: It seems there is no end to the quietness. Names are interchangeable. about these hours in the boulevard, whose interim presidency hangs on by an increasingly thin thread. Mass demonstrations demanded not only that he leave the Pizarro Palace. request Dissolution of Congress and new elections this year. The legislative commitment to hold elections only in April 2024 does not seem commensurate with the urgency of the road. The latest episode of this crisis happened this Thursday (Friday morning in Spain), when marchers from different parts of the country gathered in the capital in the so-called “taking of Lima”.

The protest has had a strong peasant component from the beginning, but students at the University of Lima and sectors of the middle class have joined in. Security forces tried to stop the columns from advancing and what has been a constant since the beginning of the conflict: skirmishes, tear gas, burning facilities…

Boluarte has no allies in parliament or on the street. He has termed 2023 as the “year of unity, peace and development”. The opposite happens: The countdown to his precarious management began on the very day he was placed in the president’s sash.

More than 59 people have died In a clash with the police. The interim government has declared a state of emergency for 30 days which may be eternal. He had no better idea than to dig up the ghost of the terrorist group shining path To quell the unrest that first took root in the most neglected regions of Peru and from that deep south, rose like froth until it flooded the capital. The newspaper ‘La Repubblica’ reported, “The interpretation of a resurgence as a general and unequivocal response to a situation of social upheaval fails because it is not very credible and given the extent of the protest.” Seems to have happened.”

eternal return

This new chapter of the crisis, similar to the previous one, began to be written in its latest edition when it was adopted pedro castillo in July 2021, after winning by just over a thousand votes keiko fujimori in the second round of elections. Everything intensified when the rural teacher was dismissed by the Parliament in the first week of last December. Castillo was never able to govern: he replaced more than 70 ministers and had five prime ministers in a year and a half. Nor was he known for his political foresight. He wanted to dissolve the Parliament and jump into the void in complete solitude. His departure from the Pizarro Palace and his subsequent preventive detention opened the door for implicit disloyalty.

analyst Cesar Hildebrandt has pointed out that a “Sandcastle”, the clearest image of instability coming from afar. end of the tyranny of Alberto Fujimori At the turn of the century, it marked the beginning of an era of verisimilitude. The economic boom (the country grew at an average rate of 6% of GDP between 2003 and 2013) was accompanied by public morality and a leadership vocation to reduce the historical social inequalities of a deeply asymmetric country.

Fujimori, who fled to Japan in September 2000, was jailed in 2007 after being extradited from Chile. However, Peru repeatedly returned to the starting point. Alexander ToledoThe first democratically elected president in 2001, is under house arrest in the United States, alleges money laundering And waiting to be shipped to Lima. Alan GarciaContinuing in this saga of nonsense, the President committed suicide in 2018 to avoid being arrested by the police. He was accused of a corruption case, as olanta humalais awaiting trial for the same reasons as its ill-fated predecessor.

2018, Breaking Point

As of 2018, the volatility has “turned off”. neoliberal Peter Paul Kuczynski He had to give up the presidency so as not to be removed by Congress. temporary head of state, Martin Vizcarra, He couldn’t help it. He was replaced by one of his executioners, Congressman Manuel Merino. But he remained in power for hardly a few days. He was replaced by Francisco Sagasti. His greatest merit is handing over power to Castillo, whose fate was already sealed.

In a recent editorial in the Lima newspaper business He added that if Boluaert finally stepped aside “things would be worse than ever and utter chaos is just around the corner.”

The degree of mistrust towards institutions is unprecedented. According to a survey by the Institute of Peruvian Studies (IEP), the figure of the provisional president is rejected by 71% of society. Unpopularity of CongressThe great moderators of politics, since 2018, are even more so: 88% of those interviewed rated their role as a failure. Alan Garcia’s bullet in the head reaches Peru’s elite he can only come back, as in caught in timeto restart the scene.

Nation World News Desk
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