Wednesday, February 1, 2023

Peru’s first female president will rule without parliamentary support

LIMA ( Associated Press) – Peru’s first female President, Dina Boluarte, will govern without her own parliamentary group to support her administration, so she will have to carefully forge alliances with members of Congress, the most disenfranchised body in South America. country, they said experts on Thursday.

The 60-year-old lawyer took power during the most turbulent political time of the past two decades, under a powerful drought that hit the Andes, a fifth wave of COVID infections and a flu that killed thousands of birds from the Pacific to the coast Is. ,

“There will be continued uncertainty,” said Eric Farnsworth, vice president of the Council of the Americas. He said that for a functioning government, you have to build a grand alliance to push policies and legislators who support you.

Unlike his predecessor, Pedro Castillo – arrested by police on Wednesday afternoon for the alleged crime of rebellionAfter trying to illegally dissolve parliament—the new president should choose ministers with extensive experience, moral ability and knowledge of statehood, said Alonso Cardenas, professor of political science at the Peruvian University Antonio Ruiz de Montoya.

Castillo appointed more than 70 ministerial changes. Nearly 17 months into his administration, including some secretaries with no political experience. Cárdenas said, “The new ministers must properly handle the public machinery in the face of the terrible problems facing the country.”

After the parliament was sworn in, President Boluaarte called for a political ceasefire to establish a “government of national unity”. Then, turning to the legislators, he said in his first speech that “all democratic forces” would be represented in his cabinet., Cárdenas suggested caution and reminded that the Congress was the most discredited institution in Peru “and that agreeing or making some arrangements with them could be regressive in the eyes of the public.”

All polls agree on the unpopularity of Parliament. According to a November national poll by the Institute of Peruvian Studies (IEP), the unicameral Peruvian Congress has 86% disapproval and only 10% approval.

Peru’s political crisis has been pronounced by six presidents in the six years since 2016. The three parliaments have used a ground permitted by the constitution called “permanent moral incapacity” eight times, with which two leaders including Castillo were removed.

Now the former President came to power on July 28, 2021 and barely left behind his rival by 44,000 votes In the presidential election, right wing Keiko Fujimori. “If there was something that Castillo didn’t have, it was support,” recalled Flavia Friedenberg, a political scientist at Mexico’s National Autonomous University and member of the Observatory of Political Reforms in Latin America. “They don’t have a political party, they don’t have strategic support and obviously they don’t have support from the armed forces,” he said.

Mexican Foreign Minister Marcelo Ebrard does not rule out that his country could welcome Castillo, given the Aztec nation’s tradition of refuge. “If he asks for it, we will consider it in a positive sense, we should not oppose it, but he has not,” he said in a statement to Mexican radio Formula on Wednesday afternoon.

They also said that Castillo had not contacted the Mexican government, nor did they know that he had tried to reach the Mexican embassy in Lima, although it is true that there were people who went to the diplomatic headquarters when the rumor spread. But an attempt was made to stop that possibility. broke.

On the other hand, Friedenberg said Peru’s first female president has a unique opportunity to show the capabilities that women can have “in a country that is sexist, anti-feminist, discriminatory and where women are denied access to government”. I’ve had a lot of trouble”.

Boluarte will lead a national situation with the most severe drought in the last half century This is caused by the delay in planting potatoes, almost the only subsistence crop, in thousands of villages in the Andes. In parallel, bird flu has killed more than 18,000 wild birds in the Pacific and is at risk of spreading to chicken and turkey farms.

You also have to deal with the fifth wave of COVID confirmed in the country a week ago. More than 217,000 of the 4.2 million infected have died in Peru since the start of the pandemic, according to official figures.

“Very serious problems are coming, the drought, we are in serious problems with new diseases,” said Carlos Castillo, Archbishop of Lima.

Before these few challenges, there is uncertainty in the response of the 31% who support Castillo, according to a November IEP poll. “It is still a bit premature to know how he will respond,” Professor Cardenas said. “We’re going to see that happen as the hours go by, especially in the South, where the president’s bastions are.”

Brazil’s newly elected President Luiz Inacio “Lula” da Silva said he was sorry for Castillo’s fate, but he understood that everything was directed within the constitutional framework. “I hope that President Dina Boluarte will be successful in her task of bringing the country together,” he said.

More forceful was Mexican President Andrés López Obrador who took to Twitter to criticize the tensions that the Castillo government has staged in nearly a year and a half. “For the interests of the economic and political elite”, since the beginning of the presidency of Pedro Castillo, an atmosphere of hostility has been maintained against him “unless he has been induced to make decisions which, in turn, are not acceptable to his opponents”. has served to nullify his dismissal. Sui general principle of ‘moral incapacity'”.

Due to corruption allegations and investigations, Parliament made a third attempt at impeachment for this reason. Which falls on an already ousted president.

For Professor Cárdenas, the advantage Boluarte starts with is that he has better political reading than Castillo and his team is more professional. “If he knows how to play his cards, I think he could be a better president than Castillo,” he predicted.

From what was said in his first speech, Cárdenas believes, “he may have a chance to make the necessary and urgent reforms that the country needs.” Boluarte has promised, along with his predecessors, to root out corruption in Peru.

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Associated Press reporters Gisela Salomon contributed to this report from Miami, Maria Verza from Mexico City and Mauricio Savarese from Sao Paulo.

Nation World News Desk
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