Pollution in India kills 2.4 million people in a year: Study

A study has claimed that 24 lakh people have died due to pollution in India in a year. The study in The Lancet Planetary Health journal attributed all forms of pollution to 9 million deaths each year globally, while deaths due to dirty air from automobiles and industries have increased by 55% since 2000. Air pollution from urbanization as well as industry processes has led to a 7% increase in pollution-related deaths from 2015 to 2019, according to an analysis of scientists’ data on global mortality and pollution levels.

The US is the only fully industrialized country in the top 10 countries for total pollution deaths, ranking 7th with 142,883 deaths on pollution in 2019, sandwiched between Bangladesh and Ethiopia.

In China, the world’s most populous country, pollution causes about 2.2 million deaths every year.

The study said that pollution kills the same number of people in a year worldwide as cigarette smoking and secondhand smoke combined.

According to Philip Landrigan, director of the Global Public Health Program and Global Pollution Observatory at Boston College, the death certificate does not mention pollution as a cause of death, heart disease, stroke, lung cancer, other lung issues, and diabetes, which are “stringent.” ” Huh. correlated” with pollution.

In New Delhi, India, air pollution peaks in the winter months, and last year the city saw only two days when the air was not considered polluted. This was the first time in four years that the city experienced clean air during the winter months.

Anumita Roychowdhury, a director of the advocacy group Center for Science and Technology, said air pollution remains the leading cause of death in South Asia, which is already known, but the increase in these deaths means toxic emissions from vehicles and energy production. is growing. Environment in New Delhi.

“It’s a reminder of the data being wrong, but also that it’s an opportunity to fix it,” Roychowdhury said.

Experts said pollution-related deaths are on the rise in the poorest areas.

“The problem is worst in regions of the world where the population is most dense (Asia for example) and where financial and government resources to address the pollution problem are limited and there are many challenges to be addressed, including health care availability and diet. as pollution,” said Dan Greenbaum, president of the Health Effects Institute, who was not part of the study.

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