There is a growing and better understanding of how osteoporosis and risk Hip fracture as your highest risk, However, much analysis remains to be done regarding proper diet to prevent them. Prioritizing consumption soccer You vitamin D, But the most recent studies are looking for the best overall eating patterns.
One of these latest studies, recently published BMC Medicine, have focused on the dichotomy between a vegetarian diet and a non-vegetarian diet. The researchers conclude that vegetarian meal Will present increased risk of hip fracture compared.
Vegetarian food has gained popularity in recent years. During 2021, the UK YouGov survey estimated that 5-7% of its population follows a non-vegetarian diet.Which is considered as a healthy option.
In fact, various studies confirm this belief, noting that a vegetarian diet in general and a plant-based diet (with minimal intake of meat and/or fish) will be associated with a lower risk of chronic diseases, such as: diabetes, heart disease, or cancercompared to the omnivorous diet.
In addition, the lack of meat in the diet and the preference for plant-based foods are also related to a greater environmental sustainabilityThis is why plant-based diets are being promoted to combat climate change.
Study in Patients Suffering Hip Fractures
For its part, it is important to better understand hip fracture risk based on diet. public health, given that this distortion is a worldwide problem. It has a high economic cost and can lead to a great loss of independence for the patient, a decrease in quality of life and an increased risk of other health problems.
The study by James Webster and his colleagues at the University of Leeds School of Food Sciences looked at Data for 26,318 British women aged 35-69 of the United Kingdom women’s cohort study over a follow-up period of approximately 20 years.
The possible association between the risk of hip fracture was analyzed according to the type of feeding: non-vegetarian (flexitarian), pescetarian or consumers of fish but not meat, vegetarians You Non-vegetarian General. For this data was collected using a validated food frequency questionnaire.
According to the study data, there were 822 cases of hip fracture during the follow-up period, which was slightly more than 3% of the study population. After adjusting for factors such as smoking and age, among others, Vegetarians were the only diet group with a significantly higher risk To eliminate the suffering hip fracture. he presented 33% higher risk than regular meat eaters.
As Webster points out, this study highlights the potential concern about the risk of hip fractures in women who eat vegetarian diets, who are unaware of the risk they face. However, yes, researchers know that it is not appropriate to speak of a “vegetarian diet” in general, because These diets can vary greatly between people and Stay more or less healthy while being a vegetarian. The same can be said for a diet rich in animal products.
However, they emphasize that several studies have shown a low intake of certain nutrients important for bone health in a vegetarian diet. These nutrients, which in turn are more abundant in meat and other animal products, such as Protein, calcium and other micronutrients,
A low intake of these nutrients low bone mineral density, and low muscle massAccording to researchers, that can increase the risk of hip fracture in the long run.