In our country, unfortunately, about 30% of men with prostate cancer are detected at an advanced stage and another 40% have what we call locally advanced disease, which is when the cancer has left the prostate and affected the tissues. . to him.
So we are talking about 70% of men in Mexico, with prostate cancer found in advanced stages,” he explained.
The fear of medical examination and even the sexist culture that prevents early diagnosis make this disease the first cause of death in men due to malignant tumors.
Within the framework of the National Day for the Fight against Prostate Cancer, which is celebrated on November 29, the urologist explained that the resistance to exploring the prostate through a rectal examination or not wanting to do a blood laboratory study to determine the level of the prostate- specific antigen, are two facts that continue to cause tumors to be detected in late stages and even when there are already metastases in other organs.
This type of exploration, this type of examination is unfortunately linked not only to the sexist issue of men, but also to cultural issues.
Unfortunately in Mexico we don’t have a health culture where we have to go to the doctor, not when we don’t feel well, but to do a preventive checkup. The fact that the person does not come and wait for symptoms is accurate when the diagnosis is made in advanced stages,” he explained.
It is important to note that every year in Mexico there are almost eight thousand deaths from prostate cancer and more than 25 thousand new cases, according to the most recent data published by the National Institute of Cancerology ( Incan) of the Ministry of Health.
HEREDITARY FACTORS AND OBESITY INCREASES THE RISK
Urologist Juan Carlos Huerta urged men to do preventive studies to detect prostate cancer earlier, especially if they have risk factors, such as family inheritance, obesity and old age.
Because if detected in the early stages, more than 85 percent of the disease can be treated, through surgery, radiotherapy, hormonal therapy and chemotherapy.
Therefore, he asked to think if this type of malignant tumor that affects the prostate gland occurred within the family.
If a man has a father, uncle, grandfather or siblings with prostate cancer, there is a 50 percent chance of suffering from it at an early age. And if we increase the number of family members, the risk can increase to 11 times compared to a man without this family history.
There are other predisposing factors, such as obesity, that are associated with prostate cancer. Excessive fat consumption is one of the factors that can be considered to be associated with a higher risk of prostate cancer,” he said.
If the person has risk factors, the recommendation is that from the age of 45, he goes to the doctor to have a rectal examination, a general urine test and a prostate-specific antigen, which is a laboratory study done by blood.
If there are no risk factors, it is suggested to start an annual review starting at the age of 50, says Juan Carlos Huerta.
He added that when it starts, prostate cancer does not cause symptoms, but as it progresses it presents discomfort and although prostate cancer usually occurs after the age of 65, currently there are cases occurring.
since the fourth decade of life.
As the volume of the prostate gland increases, the urethral duct is compressed, which means that the man may have a decrease in urine, with less force and the stream is thinner.
“You urinate more often, especially at night, but these symptoms are not cancer, these symptoms are caused by the growth of the prostate gland,” said the president of the Mexican Association of Oncological Urology.