Thursday, February 2, 2023

Protect children from accidents on holiday: what should you do in an emergency?

Families start the new year with travel and new adventures. You can go for a walk on the beach, stay in a cabin where you’re in touch with nature, go to an amusement park, or take a trip to see another city. Whatever the plans for these holiday dates, anyone who has kids at home knows that it is important to take care of them.

Nothing is extreme for them and there is no danger: Spending hours by the pool exposed to the sun, eating lots of sweets and “mecato”, as well as playing tricks or pranks—which can end in accidents—are part of the day-to-day of the holiday.

That is why at this time the parents and the family members in charge should be alert to any vigilance or variation in their health.

Few more accidents are associated with children on vacation, as they are most restless and want to enjoy themselves as a family, want to have fun. According to the Children’s Hospital Foundation (HOMI), most emergencies happen to children while on vacation. Sunburn, indigestion, dehydration and food poisoning.

In general, in Colombia, hospitals have experienced an increase in cases in their emergency areas since December: “On holidays, The amount of medical emergencies are maintained compared to the rest of the year and have significant acute morbidity such as heart attacks, cerebrovascular accidents and patients admitted due to trauma Vehicle accidents, poisoning and burns. This doesn’t happen often at other times of the year,” explains Ana María Quijano, head of the emergency department at Clinica del Country and Clinica La Colina.

for sunburn

Expert Gisela Cárdenas, head of the Homey Burns Unit, gives some tips to avoid sunburn in children, who usually “recreational activities” at this time, where they expose their skin to the sun’s rays and cause burns. are usually first degree burns, which burn and redden the dermis”.

The first thing he advises parents is that children Do not expose yourself to direct sunlight without any type of sunscreen And keep them from getting it done between 10:00 a.m. and 3:00 p.m., as the UV rays are more aggressive at this time of day. If They’re Going To Do It, Must Be Using Sunscreen Every 4 hours in normal weather conditions And if it’s a place that’s intensely hot, like a beach, It should be touched every hour and a half.

Also avoid exposing little ones to the sun for more than 20 minutes (this is also a recommendation for an adult, no matter the age), wear sunglasses, a cap or hat, and long-sleeved shirts. except, always carry a water bottle so that they stay hydrated constantly and avoid a dehydration Which can happen if exposed to the sun for a long time.

It is essential to avoid these burns due to exposure to the sun representing “an imminent danger to humans”, according to Dr. Cárdenas May trigger severe irritation, allergy, skin rash and even in more extreme cases it can cause skin cancer.

other burns

Although December is over, there are other possible scenarios beyond sunburn in which children can get burned. For example, Nineteen people, including five children, were burned to death in Antioquia at the end of the year. They can also be burned by hot liquids, chemicals, or electricity.

regardless of their source, whether the burn is on the face, arms, legs, groin, buttocks, a major joint, or a large part of the body “You should go to the emergency room immediately.” say the experts.

may present complications such as burns bacterial infections (culminating in sepsis), fluid loss and alarming vital signs including low blood volume, dangerously low or high body temperature, respiratory problems due to hot air or smoke inhalation that can lead to respiratory arrest. They can also leave scars and bone and joint problems.

keep them safe in the swimming pool and in the ocean

In vacation spots, children want to enjoy pools, rivers and the sea, and according to expert Cárdenas, other emergencies can occur in these scenarios, such as falls and drowns.

It’s not for you to get anxious and not enjoy the trip, but always supervise the little ones while on vacation. prevent them from running on the edges of pools, from respecting safety areas in rivers and the sea, from entering the water only in the company of an adult who can help them in an emergency, if they do swim in them Don’t know how to swim and be aware of lifeguards who are in the area in case something untoward happens.

Poisoning and overdose with food

During the holidays, children eat a lot of sweets and “mecato” and it is common for them to go to restaurants to consume products with high fat and sugar. According to Dr. Quijano, the symptoms of food poisoning are abdominal pain, colic, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea and fever and appear hours or days after consuming them. If children present with dehydration, vomiting, bloody stools, high fever, or diarrhea for more than three days, they should go to the emergency room.

“The origin of poisoning is diverse and may affect one system or several depending on the type of poisoning. It may also lead to death and antidotes or drugs must be provided to control the symptoms and thus the patient can be stabilized and his life can be saved.

To avoid these poisons, Gisela Cárdenas recommends avoid eating raw produce and in the worst case, since they can cause General malaise, diarrhea and vomiting. Also, they should avoid eating too much food, because everything in excess is bad.

“It is important that parents supervise and control what type of food they are going to give to their children,” he says. attracts attention For foods high in sugar.

As this ingredient, care must be taken as it is a protégé of diseases diabetes, childhood overweight, heart disease, high cholesterol and others, therefore it is necessary to avoid an excess of this type of food. Protect your children.

traffic accidents

If you are taking a road trip with your family, remember to respect traffic rules, take rest and sleep well prevent microsleeps And make everyone in the car (including those sitting in the back seat) wear seat belts.

If an accident occurs, whether it is a child or an adult, there are signs that indicate they should be sent to the emergency room immediately.

If any family member has a head injury, bleeding, impaired consciousness, fainting, if the person does not coordinate his words and speaks incoherently, you must act quickly.

If you have injuries caused by a blunt object, a wound with exposed bone or active bleeding, severe joint pain or sudden weakness, loss of sensation and movement after a blow or whiplash.

In a publication on intervention in traffic accidents from the World Association for Road Safety of the Red Cross it is explained that it is important Note the characteristics of the lesions.

It is a minor wound if it consists of a superficial cut like a bruise with minor blood loss and a serious wound when it is deep and exposes bone, muscle, and other tissues. if you, Stop bleeding from the wound and clean the affected area with water. for this you have to carry one in your car First Aid Kit.

After directly dealing with the emergency, wait for first responders to arrive as far as possible. You must start by calling 123, which is the only emergency line in Colombia to request health care for a road accident.

Nation World News Desk
Nation World News Deskhttps://nationworldnews.com
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