Thursday, June 8, 2023

Psilocybin and hallucinogenic mushrooms: what are they and what are they?

Psilocybin is a psychedelic drug that we can find in different types of mushrooms. These mushrooms are called in village slang ‘magic mushrooms’, ‘hallucinogenic mushrooms’ or ‘magic mushrooms’. Psilocybin is a compound belonging to the tryptamine family, a chemical similar to serotonin, a neurotransmitter involved in mood regulation, appetite, and other physiological processes.

When consuming psilocybin, it is metabolized into psilocin, which binds to serotonin receptors in the brain, especially in the prefrontal cortex. This causes alterations in perception, thought and manner; Hence its psychedelic and hallucinogenic properties.

“Magic mushrooms” have a long history of use in various cultures for spiritual and medicinal purposes. Recent research with psilocybin has shown promising results in the treatment of different mental disorders, such as depression, anxiety and addiction. However, psilocybin is a controlled substance in many countries and its use carries certain risks, especially if it is used without medical care.

What are hallucinogenic mushrooms?

“Magic mushrooms” is a common name used to describe mushrooms that contain psychoactive substances, such as psilocybin and psilocin. The use of these drugs can produce profound changes in perception, thinking and behavior. Magic mushrooms include a wide variety of mushrooms, including some species from the genera Psilocybe, Panaeolo, and Copelandia.

Psilocybe Cyanescens (magic mushroom).

The consumption of hallucinogenic mushrooms produces different effects in intensity and duration, depending on the dose, individual sensitivity and environment. They can cause anything from mild changes in perception and mood to profound changes in consciousness, including hallucinations, mystical experiences, and altered sense of time and space.

In some cultures, magic mushrooms have been used for centuries for spiritual and medicinal purposes, and recent research has shown promising results in treating conditions such as refractory depression.

The sale, distribution and marketing of magic mushrooms is prohibited in many countries around the world. Their use carries health risks, especially if they are used without medical care. Although it is not included among the most addictive drugs in the world, it is important to know the dangers of consuming magic mushrooms.

Effects of Psilocybin

The effects of psilocybin vary depending on a number of factors, such as dose, individual sensitivity, and environment. In many cases, psilocybin and psilocin are the main effects.

  • effects of the mind. Psilocybin interacts with serotonin receptors in the brain. When consuming hallucinogenic mushrooms, psilocybin is converted to psilocin and binds to serotonin receptors in the prefrontal cortex. This causes changes in brain activity and communication between different areas of the brain, which results in altered perception, thinking and mood.
  • hallucinogenic effects. The exact mechanisms by which psilocybin works are not fully understood, but it is believed to increase neural plasticity, allowing the brain to form new connections. In this way, it can be referred to various effects, such as increased introspection and emotional awareness, change of perception of time, changeability of feelings.
  • Antidepressant and anxiolytic effects. Recent research suggests that psilocybin has great medicinal value in the treatment of depression, anxiety and addiction. Psilocin has been shown to produce lasting positive changes in mood, behavior and emotions. For this reason, psilocybin can help some people overcome negative behaviors and thought patterns.
  • However, we emphasize that psilocybin is an illegal substance in many countries and should only be used under medical supervision or in controlled environments. Its consumption can have unpredictable effects and cause adverse reactions, especially in people with a history of mental health problems. Do not use hallucinogenic mushrooms on your own, as it can be dangerous.

    The medicinal potential of psilocybin

    There is growing interest in psilocybin’s therapeutic potential, particularly in the treatment of mental health conditions such as depression, anxiety, and addiction. In fact, psilocybin has recently been approved for the treatment of depression in Australia.

    One of the reasons that psilocybin can be effective for treating mental health issues is that it can produce deep experiences of understanding, transcendence, and connection that can help gain new perspectives on issues and foster a greater sense of self-confidence. Psilocybin therapy is assisted by the administration of a controlled dose of the drug in a prescribed setting, often with psychotherapy.

    In recent clinical trials, psilocybin-assisted therapy was found to produce a rapid and sustained reduction in symptoms of depression and anxiety, with effects lasting several weeks to months after a single dose. Psilocybin has also shown potential in the treatment of addiction, with some studies suggesting that it may help people overcome nicotine dependence or alcoholism.

    Current psychedelic state there

    Although psychedelic therapies (MDMA, psilocybin, etc.) can offer good results, it should be borne in mind that psilocybin is a controlled substance in many countries and should only be used under medical supervision. More research is needed to better understand the therapeutic potential of psilocybin and to develop safe and effective treatment protocols. The current status of therapeutic use of psilocybin is as follows.

  • Colorado and Oregon are two US states pioneering the use of psilocybin, a natural psychedelic that holds promise for the treatment of severe depression, post-traumatic stress disorder and end-of-life anxiety in terminally ill patients. The therapeutic use of psilocybin has been approved in Oregon since January 1, 2023.
  • Prescriptions for psilocybin and MDMA will be valid in Australia as of 1 July 2023. It can only be prescribed by specialist psychiatrists. Its only medicinal value is the treatment of depression resistant to treatment.
  • In Alberta (Canada), the marketing of psilocybin for medicinal use under the name ‘Serenity Blue’ was approved in 2022. A drug for strictly therapeutic use that contains 25 mg of psilocybin.
  • Therapeutic psilocybin, blue serenity

    Psilocybin for strictly medicinal use.

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