The modification to reduce the working day An increase in working hours to 40 hours per week from the current 48 hours in Mexico will not be approved this year, they said Reuters Five sources were involved in the discussions, meaning the debate will have to wait until early 2024, when lawmakers resume work.
Since the discussion began last year, the constitutional reform initiative has met with resistance from business people and the opposition. National Action Party (PAN) -the second force in the lower house behind the governing party Morena and seemed to receive a brake after this week President Andrés Manuel López Obrador I would like more time for analysis.
The regular session ends Dec. 13, and the president said in his morning conference this week that the 12th should not be a final date on the issue. The MPs will resume their duties on February 1, 2024 and end the legislative period in August.
“Give yourself time and even invite everyone and look at what is happening in other countries (…) and listen more, give reasons,” he said on Tuesday when asked about the topic.
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Based on the statements of the sources Reuters, the President of the Constitutional Points Commission of the Chamber of Deputies, Juan Robledoassured on Thursday that “the will is there, but no time for consent.”
“In the next legislative period, the discussion will take place in plenary session,” he added.
To be adopted, the reform requires the approval of two-thirds of MPs. Morena and his allies do not have a qualified majority. Once the reform has been approved in the Chamber of Deputies, it must be approved by the Chamber of Deputies senate and later by more than half of the state conventions.
The reform initiative, which would stipulate that there should be two rest days for every five working days, was presented by Morena last year and only approved by the Chamber of Deputies’ Constitutional Affairs Commission in April.
The next step was to debate the changes in plenary, but given opposition from business and the PAN, it was decided to take them to an “open parliament” in October and November, when the votes of Employees, unions, employers, academics, among others.
During the discussion, entrepreneurs called on MPs to implement the reform gradually so as not to affect some sectors with high demand for labor.
In addition, they considered that the initiative would seriously affect small and medium-sized businesses. (SMEs), as well as industries such as Manufacturing, agriculture, trade and tourism and that there was a risk of business closure. They also claimed that if approved, it would require the hiring of 2.6 million workers on reduced hours, with an annual impact on companies of $20 billion.
“Increasing the reduction in working hours causes an estimated (additional) cost of between 10% and 20% (of expenditure). “This will have an impact on the end consumer,” he said earlier this week. Esperanza OrtegaPresident of Canacintra, the organization that represents Mexico’s industrial sector.
“We industrialists do not refuse to reduce working hours (but) we need more productivity to be able to maintain what we have today,” he added at a press conference.
Mexico is the country of Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) According to the group known as The Rich Country Club, the balance between home and work is the worst.
With 2,226 hours per year (about 500 hours more than the OECD average), Mexico is the second largest economy in Latin America, It tops the table of OECD countries where the most work is done. In addition, it is the country with lower labor productivity and lower wages the group of 38 states.
Since taking office at the end of 2018, López Obrador has been committed to improving the quality of life for Mexicans. Year after year the minimum wage was raised above the rate of inflation; However, Mexico remains one of the countries in the region with the lowest salaries.
“Nobody is against it Workers’ rights You have to gain weight. What we have said is that SMEs are worrying,” defended the MP. Naomi Luna, the PAN, in the conclusions of the open parliament in November.