MEXICO CITY.- Deputy Maria Ascension Alvarez Solis (MC) presented an initiative to reform Article 3 of the General Health Law with the aim of establishing the prevention, treatment, orientation and control of different types of diabetes and its medical care. complications.
The proposal sent to the Health Commission highlights that, according to the World Health Organisation, the number of people suffering from this disease is increasing rapidly and that lack of access to diagnosis and treatment results in unnecessary suffering and death .
In this sense, he refers to the fact that, according to the Pan American Health Organization, approximately 62 million people in the Americas live with type II diabetes mellitus, a number that has tripled in the region since 1980, and that estimates It is felt that it will be reached. 109 million by 2040; Most live in low and middle income countries.
It also states that diabetes was the sixth leading cause of death in 2019 with an estimated 244,084 deaths. The prevalence of overweight in the US was nearly double that seen worldwide, and 80.7 percent of teens are insufficiently active.
It reveals that, in the case of Mexico, since the year 2000, diabetes is the first cause of death among women and the second among men. It is one of the most frequent causes of premature disability, blindness, and non-traumatic limb amputation, and one of the five diseases with the largest economic impact on the health system.
He points out that consumption of sweetened beverages, in addition to being associated with the development of excess weight and risk of chronic-degenerative diseases, is associated with the development of diabetes mellitus and is, therefore, a factor to consider. With regard to chronic diseases, in 2021, 15.8 percent of adults in Mexico had type II diabetes, similar to the prevalence in 2020, which was 15.6 percent.
He highlighted that, according to the results of the registered death statistics for 2021, there were three main causes of death nationally: COVID-19, heart disease and diabetes. Regarding the latter, a total of 140,729 deaths were recorded, of which 71,330 were men and 69,396 were women.
He stressed that adults have a two to three times higher risk of having a heart attack or stroke. People who suffer from this disease are more likely to develop poorly when exposed to an infectious disease like COVID-19.
Given this worrying and growing public health emergency in the country, Deputy Álvarez Solis called for strengthening mechanisms and objectives at the national level, with the aim of monitoring the coverage and care of people with diabetes, including diagnosis, therapy considered necessary. Treatment and prevention of its complications.