Author of GENEVA Cluster Motion Monitor 2021 The report says that since the Cluster Ban Agreement came into force in 2010, there has been significant progress towards the elimination of these deadly weapons.
The Monitor It was found that none of the 110 states that joined the treaty had made new use of cluster munitions, or the 13 states that had signed but not yet ratified.
The report said the remaining issues were with countries outside the conference.
Non-Armenian and Azerbaijani members made the most significant use of cluster munitions last year during the war over the disputed Nagorno-Karabakh region. The Monitor The cluster munitions attack in Azerbaijan recorded 107 casualties, the highest in any country last year.
Syria has been using cluster munitions since 2012.
Mary Wareham, Human Rights Watch’s director of weapons advocacy, said the use of weapons in 2020 was much lower than in previous years.
He said another visible example of the success of the deal was the destruction of reserves.
“We know that at least 1.5 million clusters of ammunition and more than 178 million submarines have been destroyed from stock today,” Warham said. “It shows that this conference is truly life-saving because each of these explosive submissions can take a life or an organ.”
Globally, Monitor has recorded at least 360 new cluster munitions casualties in 2020, either due to attack or explosive remnants. Its editor MonitorLauren Percy said children are the main victims of these weapons, which indiscriminately kill civilians.
“About half of the casualties are children. About a quarter of the casualties are women and girls,” Percy said. “But what we’ve got in 2020 is that women and girls are much less likely to survive with cluster munitions. It’s a matter of concern that we’ll see if more information is available.”
According to the report, many of the countries outside the Convention reserve the right to develop cluster munitions, although they are not currently doing so.
The authors of the report say they are concerned that China and Russia are actively researching, testing and developing new types of cluster weapons.
China, Russia and the United States did not attend the conference. Three of the five permanent members of the UN Security Council are countries.