Stroke occurs when blood flow to part of the brain is cut off. If this condition persists for more than a few seconds, the brain cannot get nutrients and oxygen, so cells can die due to permanent damage, according to information from the United States National Library of Medicine.
This condition usually occurs when a blood vessel in the brain ruptures, which can lead to bleeding inside the head. There are some habits you can adopt to prevent and avoid this condition and these are the seven most important ones.
1. Exercise for at least 30 minutes a day, at least three times a week.
2. Maintain a healthy weight by eating healthy foods, eating smaller portions, and participating in a weight loss program if necessary.
3. Limit alcohol consumption. This means no more than one drink a day for women and two for men.
4. Do not use cocaine or other illegal drugs.
5. No Smoking
6. Reduce the amount of cholesterol and saturated fat in the diet to reduce the accumulation of fat in the arteries. The Mayo Clinic Research Institute says that if it is not possible to control cholesterol through dietary changes alone, it is important to follow medical treatment.
7. Follow a diet rich in fruits and vegetables. Ideally, the daily diet should include five or more daily servings of fruits or vegetables. The Mediterranean diet, which emphasizes olive oil, fruits, nuts, vegetables and whole grains, may be helpful.
types of accidents
Stroke can be ischemic and hemorrhagic. The first occurs when a vessel supplying blood to the brain becomes blocked by a clot. This can happen in two ways: A clot can form in an already very narrow artery, which is called a thrombotic stroke.
When a clot breaks free from another part of the blood vessels in the brain, or from another part of the body, and travels to the brain, If it is called a cerebral embolism or embolic cerebrovascular accident.
“Ischemic stroke can also be caused by a sticky substance called plaque that can clog arteries,” says the National Library of Medicine.
A hemorrhagic stroke occurs when a blood vessel in part of the brain weakens and breaks. This causes blood to leak into the brain. Some people have defects in the blood vessels of the brain that can facilitate the development of these accidents. For example, there are patients suffering from aneurysms, arteriovenous malformations and cerebral amyloid angiopathy.
The Mayo Clinic indicates that some of the main symptoms that indicate a person may be suffering from a stroke, as the condition is also called, are among others.
Difficulty speaking and understanding what others are saying. You may experience confusion, difficulty expressing words or understanding what is being said.
– Paralysis or numbness of the face, arms or legs. The person may have sudden numbness, weakness or paralysis in these parts of the body.
Trouble seeing with one or both eyes. Suddenly, the person may have blurry or black vision in one or both eyes, or may have double vision.
– Headache. A sudden, severe headache, which may be accompanied by vomiting, dizziness, or altered consciousness, may indicate that you are having a stroke.
– Trouble walking. The patient may stumble or lose balance. You may also have sudden dizziness or loss of coordination.