Research company Ipsos has launched a new edition of the report “LGBT+ Pride 2023”, a study that highlights society’s perception of sexual diversity around the world and thus the disenfranchised community in Chile and other countries. Discovers new aspects and trends about. And according to Miguel Angel Pinto, assistant manager of public studies, although there is agreement on the need for inequalities of all kinds to harm our societies today, the perception in many countries is that they are increasing rather than receding.
The survey, which was conducted among 22,514 people in 30 countries, concluded that 9% said they were part of the LGBT+ community, a figure made up of those who identify as gay, lesbian or lesbian, bisexual, pansexual/all-encompassing. identify as. Asexual, transgender, non-binary/gender non-conforming/gender fluid. Brazil (15%) and Spain (14%) are the countries that top the list, while Peru (4%) comes last in the ranking.
In Chile, 10% of those surveyed said they were part of an LGBT+ group. Of these, 3% of adults identify as transgender, non-binary, gender fluid, or gender different from male and female, a percentage comparable to countries such as France, Brazil, Canada, or Japan. While the same figure (3%) declare themselves gay, lesbian or lesbian and 4% as bisexual.
The study also revealed large generational differences in gender identity and sexual orientation. For example, in Chile, 10% belonging to the LGBT+ community rises to 24% among Generation Z (born after 1996), while it drops to 2% among those belonging to the Baby Boomer generation (born between 1948 and 1964). becomes %. Generation X (1965–1980). Millennials (1981–1995), on the other hand, are closer to the nation’s average at 9%.
“We believe this explains how the culture is moving toward greater tolerance and acceptance of diversity, one expression of which is in generational differences,” Pinto said.
The study also found that the visibility of LGBT+ people has increased over the past two years. An average of 47% across all countries surveyed say that someone in their family, friend or co-worker is gay/lesbian/lesbian. An item that had a five-point increase compared to the last measurement for 2021. Along the same lines, 26% said they know someone who is bisexual; 13% say they know someone who is transgender, and 12% say they know someone who is non-binary, gender non-conforming or gender fluid.
In Chile, six out of 10 Chileans (61%) have a family member, friend or work colleague who identifies themselves as gay/lesbian/lesbian, while 29% know someone who has declared themselves bisexual. does. Under the same slogan, 15% know transgender or non-binary people. Here, too, there are significant generational and gender differences. For example, Chilean women are more likely than men (54%) to say they know someone gay, lesbian or gay.
Given this scenario, Pinto emphasizes that, in general, opinion on these issues changes little over a short period of time. “If we compare the opinion to 2021, the year we also did this study, we see that the changes are very modest at the level of Chile, as in the rest of the countries. Certainly, opinions vary according to different generations, which indicates that changes occur in the medium or long term, as younger groups (centenarians, millennials) tend to be more open and liberal than older groups. There is opinion.
The survey also highlighted gay marriage and parenting, where it was able to show that support for the matter is majority, though not total, in most countries. In Chile in particular, 65% of Chileans surveyed believe that same-sex couples should be able to legally marry, becoming the second Latin American country with the highest percentage, behind Argentina (70). %) and above the global average (56%). , Furthermore, 18% think they should have some legal recognition but not marry, while only 6% think same-sex couples should not marry or have legal recognition.
Regarding adoption by same-sex couples, 65% of those surveyed in Chile claimed to be in favor of the system, the third highest approval rate in Latin American countries after Argentina (71%) and Brazil (69%). Is. In opposition, 30% of Chileans disagreed with the idea and only 6% were undecided. Globally, the average shows that 64% are in favor, 28% are against and 8% have no clear position on the matter.
Countries with the lowest acceptance of adoption of boys and girls by same-sex couples include Poland (33%) and Turkey (35%).
“While the numbers show that a majority accept single-parent adoption, it is noteworthy that 35% express their opposition, as it speaks to a society divided in terms of value. continues to be. There is an outstanding challenge in terms of accepting diversity and eliminating discrimination, but also legislating in political and social contexts where there is no absolute majority”, says the Ipsos assistant manager.
66% of Chileans believe that same-sex couples are just as capable of successfully raising a child as any other, which is slightly above the global average (65%). Globally, those belonging to Generation Z are the ones who are most in favor of the idea with 69%, and the ones who least approve of it are Baby Boomers, with 62%.
Chile was the fourth country in the world where more people think the transgender community faces discrimination in our society (79%), ahead only of Peru (81%), Colombia (82%) and Portugal (85%) . Given this, eight out of 10 Chileans said that transgender people should be protected from discrimination in employment, housing and access to businesses such as restaurants and shops. On the other hand, 14% of Chileans said they disagree that transgender people are protected from discrimination.
It also proved that 72% of national respondents agreed to allow transgender adolescents access to their gender-affirming care, such as counseling and hormone replacement treatment, ranking second in the country with the highest percentage, second only to Thailand. After ( 75%) With regard to the use of single-sex facilities (for example, public bathrooms), 60% of Chileans believe that trans people should be able to use the bathroom that matches their gender.
“In terms of disagreement, we see that a third of the population remains very conservative and does not agree with the proposed changes in terms of single-parent adoption and other types of regulations. Although they are not the majority, these reasons are enough to leave the country divided and where progress requires unanimity,” the authority closed.