According to results obtained through the anonymous database ‘THIN’ of the company Cegedim Health Data Spain, sexually transmitted infections (STIs) due to HIV, chlamydia and gonococcal infections increase by 84 percent over 5 years.
Specifically, HIV increased by 343 percent, chlamydia by 140 percent, gonococcal infection by 71 percent, genital herpes by 59 percent, human papillomavirus (HPV) by 45 percent and syphilis by 43 percent. Of the sexually transmitted infections analysed, the only ones that presented a reduction in diagnosis over the period of analysis are hepatitis B, C and D, exactly 19 percent.
Going into more detail, the mean age is 47 years and over the period of this analysis alone, STIs have increased more in men, with diagnoses almost doubling in women. Similarly, men represented 65 percent of the total, while for women the figure came down to 35 percent.
“These data confirm the need to continue to make an impact from an early age and throughout our sex lives with educational campaigns that advocate for the prevention of these infections and diseases. In the age of more information, these diagnoses in sexually transmitted infections are increasing. The increase is dangerous. Sexual character, when many of them are preventable with actions as simple as the use of condoms or know risk practices to reduce this possibility as much as possible”, Medical Director of CZEDIM Health Data Spain Carlos Iglesias said.
Analyzing the data obtained through ‘Thin’ over the past five years, of the total STI diagnoses, HIV represented 42 percent, hepatitis B, C and D 26 percent, genital herpes 14.5 percent, syphilis 8 percent, gonococcal diseases 4.5 percent. percent done. HPV 2.5 percent and Chlamydia 2.5 percent.
With respect to the mean age of diagnosis, significant differences were observed between STIs. From youngest to oldest, chlamydia occurs at an average age of 32, followed by HPV and gonococcal disease at an average age of 36 and 37, or genital herpes at an average of 38 years, respectively. Already in the forties, the presence of syphilis (45 years) or HIV (48 years) is more frequent. Finally, the croup of hepatitis B, C and D is usually diagnosed at around 54 years of age.
Depending on gender, the diagnosis varies greatly depending on which STI is involved. They are more likely to have HPV (85%), genital herpes (63%) or chlamydia (59%) than those with syphilis (80%), HIV (76%), gonococcal infection (72%) or hepatitis B, C and D. (62%) are more frequent in the male gender.
“Reviewing these data, it is clear that there is still a lot to be done in terms of sex education. Beyond that, we should look further, because many of these infections carry a range of comorbidities and consequences that people may have. and consequently, in the health system”, Iglesias settled.