Friday, December 09, 2022

SIPRI: China growing nuclear arsenal, Pakistan leading India in war: SIPRI – Nation World News

New Delhi: China is “substantially expanding” its nuclear weapons arsenal, which satellite images show will include the construction of more than 300 new missile silos, even as Pakistan continues to develop nuclear weapons. Slightly ahead of India in numbers.
According to the latest assessment by the Stockholm International Peace Institute (SIPRI) released on Monday, China has an estimated 350 nuclear warheads, with new mobile missile launchers and another submarine commissioned in the past year, while Pakistan has 165 more. Has 160.
The SIPRI report comes a day after Chinese Defense Minister Wei Fenghe announced at the Shangri La Dialogue in Singapore that his country has committed “in the development and deployment of new nuclear weapons, including the Dong Fang-41 (DF-41) inter-continental”. impressive progress”. Ballistic missile with a range of more than 12,000 km. But, he said, China would only use nuclear weapons in “self-defense” and would never use them before.

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The Pentagon’s report on China’s military capabilities previously said Beijing’s “rapid pace” of nuclear expansion would enable it to have 700 deliverable nuclear warheads by 2027, with the stockpile reaching 1,000 by 2030.
The US and Russia are certainly in a different league, together with 90% of all nuclear weapons worldwide. SIPRI said the nine nuclear-armed countries have an estimated 12,705 nuclear warheads, numbering Russia (5,977), US (5,428), France (290), UK (225), Israel (90) and North Korea (20). . ,
Wilfred Van of SIPRI said, “All nuclear-armed states are increasing or upgrading their arsenals and most are intensifying nuclear rhetoric and the role nuclear weapons play in their military strategies … it’s a very There is a worrying trend.”
Warhead figures are approximate as most countries, including India, keep their nuclear weapons programs secret. In addition, the resistance cannot be reduced to a simplified bean count of the number of weapons.
Officials say India continues to modernize its nuclear arsenal with improved delivery systems, in line with its stated policy of “credible minimum deterrence” and “no first use”.
For example, the addition of 36 new Rafale fighters strengthened the “air vector” for the delivery of nuclear gravity bombs, some of the Sukhoi-30MKI, Mirage-2000 and Jaguar previously modified for that role. was.
The commissioning of the Agni-V intercontinental ballistic missile with a range of over 5,000 km, which brought the whole of Asia and China, as well as parts of Europe and Africa, within its strike range, in turn created the “Land Vector”. has been promoted.
Strategic Forces Command (SFC) already has Prithvi-II (350-km), Agni-I (700-km), Agni-II (2,000-km), Agni-III (3,000-km) and Agni-IV. (4,000) are. -km) missile units. Newer Agni missiles like Agni-V and Agni-Prime (1,000-2,000 km) are also canister-launched to give the armed forces the necessary operational flexibility to store it for longer durations, when required, to be carried by rail or is moved rapidly through the road. , and set it on fire from anywhere.
However, the third stage of the “nuclear triad” is still budding. India currently has only one nuclear-powered and armed submarine (SSBN) INS Arihant, which carries K-15 nuclear missiles with a range of 750 km. Countries like the US, Russia and China have SSBNs with missiles with a range of more than 5,000 km.
With three more SSBNs under development in India, INS Arighat is set to be commissioned this year after some delays. Developmental trials of the K-4 missiles, which have a range of 3,500-kilometers, have, in turn, been completed, but induction is still some distance away, as previously reported TOI.

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