Tuesday, February 7, 2023

Solution to the garbage problem in Leticia

It’s morning on the Leticia Boardwalk when the first pirarucas are brought into the El Tour de las Octavas market square, where for a year and a half about 50 merchants have added another task to their daily routine: separating the organic waste left over from what they sell. Which can be from shells to the entrails of fish. It began as an initiative by the Amazon Institute for Scientific Research (Sinchi) to take advantage of the waste generated from the plaza and help prevent continued degradation. Rubbish what does it have leticia especially in El Jaguar Landfill,

As stated in a report published in the audience Beginning this year, the scale that weighs the waste at El Jaguar has not been working for four years, so the amount of waste that reaches the landfill per day is not specifically known. However, there are some clues that may suggest differences between what happens at El Jaguar compared to other landfills in the country. According to the Ministry of the Environment and the Cinchi Institute, an average person in Colombia uses about 24 plastic bags per month, while in Leticia its 50,000 inhabitants average 36 bags.

And in a country where only around 17% Rubbish the capital of Amazonas It does not have cardboard, plastic or Styrofoam (expanded polystyrene) recycling plants. Only 4% of the waste is recycled there. (Read: They denounce a bill in Peru that threatens to alienate indigenous people)

in view of the collapse of the landfill leticia – where it is estimated that about 19 tons of garbage arrive daily – and the bad smell that was concentrated in the market square, the Sanchi Institute proposed a project to use organic waste In which the traders of the Chowk participated. These residues are also called organic matter most important part of Garbage that is discarded and is largely the parts of plants or animals that we do not consume, such as Shells, Sheet, stem pieces, Intestine, wing hey Balance,

But when these components accumulate and mix with other waste, as happened in Market And in that same sanitary landfill, liquids called leachates are generated, which, explained in an interview with the audience Clara Peña, Coordinator of the Cinchi Institute at Headquarters leticia and project leader, “is a high contaminant of soil from water sources and this generally creates a problem in cities where it is not separated but everything is mixed and this leads to a huge increase in waste reaching landfills where only what should not be recycled is what cannot be reused or reused”. (Read: META executives may have participated in $70,000 million embezzlement)

words more, words less, when organic matter it doesn’t break down and reach a sanitary landfill, it can get mixed with, for example, diapers or batteries” and this means that, even if someone wants to use it, the organic matter loses its quality because it is already contaminated by other things we are not interested in”. And add to this the fact that pollutants have not been adequately removed in El Jaguar, which, as required by law, must exceed 90%, but is estimated to be around 60% in Leticia.

There’s another problem Peña foresees, and that’s the useful life of a clean landfill in an area Amazonas, The researcher has warned that it is not about its collapse and another one can be made anywhere. “A landfill should be away from water sources and away from indigenous communities that don’t affect the environment, and receive those conditions like environmental Amazonas It’s difficult”. The useful life of El Jaguar is expected until 2037, however, Peña points out that the amount of Rubbish shortening the length of time that it reaches the landfill.

Biofertilizer Beyond Waste

and though the panorama of Rubbish in leticia A major concern for experts, this was not the only motivation to create a project to treat organic waste, but also the low-fertility acidic soil in the Amazon, which “contains very few nutrients, so crops cannot be grown here.” To keep or produce, for example, vegetables or fruit is prohibitively expensive,” Peña says. (Read: Elliot, the “bomb cyclone” that threatens Christmas in the United States.)

At the beginning of the project he thought that “if we have soil we need to give them some sort of soil fertilizer They reform, because we can do it with this organic waste”, he added. fertilizer are rich in nitrogen and phosphorus, elements that are normally scarce amazon soil,

from the Sanchi Institute they found that it is necessary to find out organic waste that they were not contaminated and could be separated from the source itself, so he concentrated in the square. And although, as we already mentioned, the project started a year and a half ago, it took between 10 and 15 years of evaluation and adjustments in research to reach what it is today.

First market traders were trained. From Monday to Sunday they separate the waste in the morning, then army interns from the environmental monitoring area collect the selected waste. These are deposited in some trash cans and, in cooperation with the Public Services Unit of the Leticia Mayor’s Office (USPDL), are taken to the processing plant, which is next to the landfill in a space provided by the USPDL.

It is a process in which, by means of a sort of shredder that “chops” the waste, its decomposition is accelerated and, through aerobic composting and the intervention of several pre-selected microorganisms, the fertilizer is enriched with essential nutrients. are replaced with elements. The process takes between 15 and 20 days. (Read: The “Polar Bear Capital of the World” Is Running Out of Polar Bears)

Numa Castro, coordinator in the field of the Cinchi Institute and a graduate of the army, explains that in the first months he processed 20 tons of waste per month and that, given that the accumulation of Rubbish why bad smell were dwindling in class, other parties decided to join in, such as the Air Force, hotels and restaurants, which is why they now process between 22 and 25 Tons Monthly.

Peña says that corresponds to an average of 20 to 25 tons of waste per month that does not reach the El Jaguar landfill 10% Compared to as much as “can be collected in the municipality” and although it seems like a small percentage, Peña highlighted the fact that at first they only worked with the waste from the plaza, then other entities joined in and Now “there are more people who want to enter the process and we’re going to do it next year. It’s going to grow.”

For his part, Castro says that “now you don’t see the same amount organic waste out on the streets, funk, the bleaching fluid and for that part we have improved a lot”. This year the project processed around 200 tons of organic waste with 100 ton organic fertilizer, which were delivered to 56 local producers, such as farmers, whose crops had been improved. “Requests have increased for us to give fertilizer, People were finding out about the product and demand boomed, we got to the point that we had almost nothing to give away,” says Castro. The plan is to start selling it next year bioabons,

Nation World News Desk
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