According to recent studies, the supercontinent is called Amasia, in which South America will join Antarctica and Australia.
The movement of the tectonic plates under the Earth’s surface, as well as other geological evidence, scientists know that between 340 and 180 million years ago, all the continents formed together and became the supercontinent called Pangea.
In recent decades, it has been discovered that the American continent is moving away from Europe and Africa at the same time that it is approaching Asia by four centimeters per year.
One of the most recent investigations into this phenomenon was carried out by scientists from Curtin University in Australia and Peking University in China.
The results revealed that the crust under the ocean (7 to 8 km thick) has become thinner due to the internal cooling of the planet, which is why it stops yielding to the movement of the plates under the continents.
When and how will it be formed?
The study, published in the National Science Review, indicates that the Pacific Ocean, which is currently shrinking by a few centimeters per year, will end up closing in less than 300 million years, solidifying the union of the continents.
Australia will collide with Asia for the first time; then it will join South America (already separated from the rest of the continents) and Antarctica; He will eventually do that with North America and Central America.
The name of Asia is due to the fact that the territory of North America is united with Asia, but in fact this supercontinent can stand out from any of the other unions.
The authors suggest that the formation of Amasia would lead to lower sea levels, reduced biodiversity and a large portion of dry land in the interior of the supercontinent, such as the middle of the present-day continents: Sahara, Arizona, Mongolia, etc.