little more than €1 billion: Spain collects tax on this pollution and resources according to a report published this week by Eurostat. figure shows less than 5% of total income that the country received in 2021 for environmental taxes. The rest came from taxes levied on transport and energy, which together contributed to the coffers of the greater 20,000 million euros, According to the statistics agency, the tax category includes taxes on household waste, wastewater generation, plastic bags and some branches of activity such as fishing or hunting.
Despite such a low figure, in 2021 Spain was the third European country to collect the most in this category, behind only Netherlands and France got a little more than 3,000 million Euro for the management of this type of waste. For this year, the general considers entering the state budget 1,453 million.
Pollution and resource taxes represent a very small share of environmental revenue. Two years ago, for example, The average collection on the continent was 416 million euros., However, there are large differences between member states. In Germany, Croatia, Lithuania and Slovakia, as of 2020, there were no taxes that corresponded to the definition provided by the European Statistical Agency. In Latvia and Estonia, households contribute less than 3% to the collection; Even in Spain, where the companies that supply electricity, gas and air conditioning pay almost two-thirds of the total.
From a more global point of view, it can be seen Spain remains one of the EU countries that collects the least for environmental taxes, In 2021 they represented only 4.5% of tax revenue from social fees and contributions. According to Eurostat data, this is the fourth lowest figure across the continent and one point below the average. In absolute terms, the government’s revenue from environmental taxes in that year 27 was 325,800 million euros.
do more green
After years of receiving recommendations from the European Commission, the IMF or the OECD, Spain has finally started tighten its environmental taxation, Calculations by officials last year suggested that this would be the main means of raising collections by an additional 15,000 million euros. comes within measure, in addition to feeding the state treasury commitments made with Brussels In the recovery plan and covers emissions from aviation and maritime transport, registration and circulation, electricity and water and waste management.
The most recent measures came into force in January this year and emerged from take 7/2022 of waste and contaminated soil for a circular economy. These are special taxes on non-reusable plastic containers and taxes on the deposit and incineration of waste in landfills. Both aim to encourage the prevention of waste and the improvement of its management, thus implementing the waste hierarchy enshrined in the above law. At tax level, the measures pay 45 euro cents per non-reusable plastic container and a further fee of between 1.5 to 40 Euro per landfill and incineration,
New tax creation of plastics taxes on the intra-Community acquisition and import of non-reusable containers and the secondary and tertiary packaging that contain this material. thus, practically any company that operates in Spain and buys packaged goods from abroad have to pay update rate. The only exceptions are medicines, agricultural products and certified mechanical recyclables.