Prabhakar Mishra, New Delhi: An important hearing is to be held in the Supreme Court today on Maratha reservation. During the hearing, the Supreme Court can pronounce any major decision on Maratha reservation today. Earlier, the Supreme Court had heard all the petitions challenging the constitutional validity of Maratha reservation. However, the court reserved its verdict. Under this Maratha law, there is a provision for giving Maratha quota for admission in jobs and educational institutions in Maharashtra. Which was stayed by the Supreme Court during the hearing.
A five-judge constitution bench headed by Justice Ashok Bhushan is expected to pronounce its verdict on the issue today. Earlier on 26 March, the Supreme Court reserved its decision on the petitions. Those affidavits filed in the long hearing on this issue will also be considered whether the Indira Sawhney judgment of 1992 needs to be reconsidered by the larger bench, in which the reservation limit was set at 50 per cent.
Let us tell you that the hearing in the case was started by the Constitution Bench on 15 March. The Supreme Court upheld the law in June 2019, stating that 16 per cent reservation is not fair and that reservation in employment should not exceed 12 per cent and it should not exceed 13 per cent in enrollment.
Significantly, the Maharashtra government had given 16 percent reservation to the Maratha community in 2018. It was upheld by the Bombay High Court. The High Court’s decision has been challenged in the Supreme Court. A constitution bench of five judges headed by Supreme Court Justice Ashok Bhushan heard petitions challenging the Maratha reservation. There was also the question of whether the historic Indra Sawhney verdict of 1992 also needs to be reconsidered by the larger bench. Under this decision, the nine-member constitution bench had set a maximum limit of 50 per cent reservation.